pea

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pea,

hardy, annual, climbing leguminous plant (Pisum sativum) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), grown for food by humans at least since the early Bronze Age; no longer known in the wild form. It is cultivated everywhere in home gardens and on a large scale commercially for freezing or canning. The round seed, borne in a pod, is a highly nutritious food, having a high protein and fiber content. The pod, too, of the varieties known as sugar peas, can be eaten, and the whole plant is grown for forage; the vines of garden varieties are also used for feeding stock. In New England many gardeners plant them on Apr. 19, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington—hoping to have their first peas by the Fourth of July, when according to traditional use they accompany salmon on the menu. Split peas are obtained from the field pea (var. arvense), grown also for forage and as a green manure. About three quarters of the total world crop of the field pea variety is grown in China; much is used for stock feed. It is believed that peas were long grown only for use as pea meal, dried peas, or forage. Using peas as a green table vegetable began in the late Middle Ages, and the garden varieties were developed subsequently. The garden pea is renowned as the plant with which Gregor Mendel conducted the experiments that initiated the science of genetics. The chickpeachickpea,
annual plant (Cicer arietinum) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), cultivated since antiquity for the somewhat pealike seeds, which are often used as food and forage, principally in India and the Spanish-speaking countries.
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 and the sweet peasweet pea,
annual climbing plant (Lathyrus odoratus) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), a legume native to S Europe but, since its introduction to horticulture c.1700, widely cultivated for its fragrant flowers.
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 belong to different genera. Peas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

pea

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(botany)
Pisum sativum. The garden pea, an annual leafy leguminous vine cultivated for its smooth or wrinkled, round edible seeds which are borne in dehiscent pods.
Any of several related or similar cultivated plants.

pea

1. an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2. 
a. the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
b. (as modifier): #5pea soup
3. any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
References in periodicals archive ?
The woman was enjoying an evening stroll in Umm Suqeim 1 with a fellow expectant mum when they came across the pea-sized killer redback spider.
Find fluoridated toothpaste in a flavor that your child likes, and use only a pea-sized amount.
2 INGREDIENTS 200g (7oz) small new potatoes, scrubbed - iceberg lettuce A pea-sized blob of wasabi paste 4 tbsp low fat natural yoghurt 150g (5' oz) peppered mackerel, flaked into pieces 150g (5' oz) cherry tomatoes, halved ' yellow pepper, chopped into small chunks 5 spring onions, chopped 1 celery stick, chopped 10 olives in brine, drained 2 lemon quarters, to garnish METHOD 1 Bring a saucepan of water to the boil, add the potatoes and cook for 8-10 minutes until tender.
Initially, Jeremy was presented with a pea-sized bite of a target food on a spoon for 5 s; if he accepted the bite, praise was provided.
Use a smear of fluoridated toothpaste for children between one and two years of age, half a pea-sized amount for children between three to five years of age and a pea-sized amount for children over six years of age.
What is it about women of size who carry those pea-sized bags around and wear itty bitty necklaces?
Children aged three to six should use a pea-sized amount of toothpaste containing 1,350-1,500ppm fluoride, while adults should use a toothpaste containing at least 1,350ppm fluoride.
The instruction to use a pea-sized amount of paste has been criticised as the interpretation of a pea is unclear and might vary between cultures.
September 5, 2007 was a stormy day with rain and pea-sized hail falling for most of the day.
Make pea-sized spheres to represent the cells growing inside the hollow ball.
I have a pea-sized lump on the bottom of the arch of my left foot, which my doctor believes may be a ganglion cyst in the plantar fascia.
Pea-sized hail pelted downtown for up to 10 minutes, according to the National Weather Service.