Peace Program

Peace Program

 

a set of measures aimed at radically improving the present international situation and fundamentally restructuring relations between countries; the program was presented by L. I. Brezhnev in the Report of the Party Central Committee and adopted by the Twenty-fourth Congress of the CPSU, held in 1971.

The Peace Program, based on the Leninist principle of the peaceful coexistence of states with different social systems, sets the following six main objectives.

(1) To eliminate the hotbeds of war in Southeast Asia and the Middle East and to promote in these areas political settlements based on respect for the legitimate rights of the countries and peoples that have been victims of aggression; to curb immediately and firmly any acts of aggression or arbitrary actions on the international scene; and to make the rejection of force or threat of force in disputes a law of international life.

(2) To recognize that the territorial changes that took place in Europe as a result of World War II are final; to effect a radical turn toward a relaxation of tension and peace on the Continent; to ensure the convocation and success of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe; and to do everything possible to ensure collective security in Europe. The USSR reaffirms the readiness, expressed jointly by the member-countries of the defensive Warsaw Pact, to annul simultaneously this pact and the North Atlantic Alliance or, as a first step, to dismantle their military organizations.

(3) To conclude treaties banning nuclear, chemical, and bacteriological weapons; to work toward a complete cessation of nuclear weapons tests, including underground tests; and to promote the establishment of nuclear-free zones in different parts of the world. The USSR supports nuclear disarmament by all countries having nuclear weapons and, to this end, it advocates the convening of a conference of the five nuclear powers—the USSR, the USA, the People’s Republic of China, France, and Great Britain.

(4) To step up the struggle to end the arms race. The USSR advocates the convocation of a world conference to discuss all aspects of disarmament and supports the dismantling of military bases on foreign soil and the reduction of armed forces and armaments in areas where an armed confrontation is especially dangerous, primarily in Central Europe. The USSR also considers it advisable to work out measures that would reduce the chance of an accidental outbreak or deliberate provocation of armed clashes and their escalation into international crises and war. The USSR is willing to reach an accord on reducing military expenditures, primarily by the major powers.

(5) To implement fully the UN decisions on the abolition of colonial regimes; racism and apartheid are to be subject to general condemnation and boycott.

(6) The USSR is willing to expand mutually advantageous cooperation in all fields with the countries that strive for such relations. It is prepared to participate with all other interested countries in solving such problems as the preservation of the natural environment and the exploitation of energy and other natural resources. It is is also ready to work jointly to develop transportation and communications, to prevent and eradicate the most dangerous and common diseases, and to study and explore outer space and the world ocean (Materialy XXIV s”ezda KPSS, 1971, pp. 29–30).

The Peace Program is being implemented in the international arena amidst a bitter struggle between the forces of progress and the forces of reaction. The countries of the socialist community and the international workers’ and communist movement are actively working for the realization of the program. The leaders of the developing countries have expressed their solidarity with the Peace Program, and some Western statesmen who have a realistic view of the international situation recognize its constructive character.

Effectively promoting a beneficial development of the relations between countries with different social systems and stimulating the struggle of all progressive forces for a stable peace and against aggression and colonialism, the Peace Program has been an important factor in improving the international situation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Teodoro, they revived the program began through the United States's Food for Peace Program in 1972 to provide proper nutrition to 21,000 Kinder and Grade 1 public school children in the city and achieve a zero malnutrition rate next year.
"These common factors should be a starting point of strength as the two governments strive to usher sustainable peace in the region," said Mr Dado.The Devolution CAS was speaking on Tuesday at Panafric Hotel, Nairobi on the final day of the Joint Kenya-Uganda Technical Committee meeting on the proposed signing of the cross-border peace program MoU.
The Hands of Peace program empowers young people to find their voices as peace leaders, break down stereotypes and gain the knowledge and critical thinking skills to take steps toward peace in their home communities.
Ernesto Estonilo, Office of the Presidential Adviser on Peace, Reconciliation and Unity (Opapru) peace program officer, said the government can do all the peace initiatives alone.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan issued a statement on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of Azerbaijan's joining to the Partnership for Peace Program of NATO on May 4, 1994,Trendreports referring to the press service of the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry.
On February 14, 1994, our country signed the Framework Document and joined NATO's Partnership for Peace program. In March 1997, the government adopted a National Program for Preparation and Accession of Bulgaria to the North Atlantic Alliance and a Council of Ministers decree establishing a governmental mechanism for the coordination of efforts for preparation and accession to NATO - Interagency Committee for Integration into NATO.
And this is the reason why he wants to push new boundaries for the Football for Peace program. He dreams of putting up a sports academy in Mindanao someday to boost the potential of children and dissuade them from joining lawless groups.
'BiH has certain level of cooperation with NATO through the Partnership for Peace Program and in some of the missions throughout the world, and that is where we want to leave it at,' said Dodik, adding that 'the best thing for BiH would be the principle of military neutrality.'
PSC reaches over 10,000 in Children's Games !-- -- (The Philippine Star) - December 14, 2018 - 12:00am MANILA, Philippines The Philippine Sports Commission's Children's Games, a major component of the national sports agency's Sports for Peace Program, has so far benefited 10,746 children in 22 cities, municipalities and provinces this year, exceeding the 10,000 turnout last year.
One report claimed the Saudi government is weighing the possible normalization of relations with Israel ahead of a planned Middle East peace program by the Trump administration which aims to not only secure a final status agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority but lead to recognition of the Jewish state by the broader Arab world.
Since 2006, USAID's Food for Peace Program has delivered almost 770 tons of food that provided 39 million individual servings to over 50,000 children and adults.
They were there as part of GU-Q's award winning Zones of Conflict, Zones of Peace program, which combines classroom learning with visits to sites of ethnic, political, religious, and social conflict across the globe.

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