Peace of Utrecht

Utrecht, Peace of

Utrecht, Peace of, series of treaties that concluded the War of the Spanish Succession. It put an end to French expansion and signaled the rise of the British Empire. By the treaty between England and France (Apr. 11, 1713), Louis XIV recognized the English succession as established in the house of Hanover and confirmed the renunciation of the claims to the French throne of Louis's grandson, Philip V of Spain. The French fortifications of Dunkirk were to be razed and the harbor filled up, and the Hudson Bay territory, Acadia, St. Kitts, and Newfoundland were ceded to England. By a commercial treaty England and France granted each other most-favored-nation treatment. By a treaty with the Netherlands (Apr. 11, 1713) France agreed to surrender to Austria the Spanish Netherlands still in French hands; these were to be held in trust by the Netherlands until the conclusion of a treaty between the Netherlands and the Holy Roman emperor. A commercial treaty between France and the Netherlands was also signed. France furthermore restored Savoy and Nice to Victor Amadeus II, recognizing him as king of Savoy. France also signed a treaty with Portugal and one with Prussia confirming the kingship of the Prussian rulers. The Anglo-Spanish treaty (July 13, 1713) confirmed the clauses of the Anglo-French treaties relating to the English and French successions. Spain ceded Gibraltar and Minorca to Great Britain and ceded Sicily (exchanged in 1720 for Sardinia) to Savoy. Britain and Spain signed the Asiento, an agreement giving Britain the sole right to the slave trade with Spanish America. The Treaty of Rastatt (Mar. 7, 1714) between Louis XIV and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and the Treaty of Baden (Sept. 7, 1714), which completed the settlement, restored the right bank of the Rhine to the empire and confirmed Austria in possession of the formerly Spanish Netherlands, of Naples, and of Milan. The Third Barrier Treaty (Nov. 15, 1715) regulated trade relations between the Dutch and Austrian Netherlands.


See J. W. Gerard, The Peace of Utrecht (1885).

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References in periodicals archive ?
It's because of what's also known as the Peace of Utrecht that Newfoundland and Nova Scotia in Canada became British possessions, the Portuguese came to control the Amazon -- leading to modern-day Brazil -- Sicily would eventually become Italian 150 years later, Spain ceded Gibraltar and the island of Minorca to the Brits, but graciously allow the British to supply them with slaves from Africa as part of the finer print.
The performances of peace are the subject of this volume, which focuses on the Peace of Utrecht of 1713, which brought to an end extensive European wars overseas and in overseas colonies.
Boscawen goes on to examine the background to the construction of the French fortification at Louisbourg, ranging from the reorganization of the defense of New France following the Peace of Utrecht in 1713 to the perception on both sides that Louisbourg had become an important trading point, the key bastion in the defense of the Saint Lawrence River and Quebec, as well as the French fisheries on the Grand Banks.
Scholars of English literature and of history explore accounts of traveling to and in the Middle East from the Ottoman conquest of Egypt and North Africa to the Peace of Utrecht. Among the topics are an Arabic orthodox account of the Holy Land during the 1590s, early modern Russian pilgrims in the Holy Land, rescuing the Holy Land in Friar Jean Boucher's Bouquet sacre compose des plus belles fleurs de la Terre sainte, Josephy Besson's defense of the Jesuit missionary enterprise in Greater Syria 1625-60, Sufi 'Abd al-Ghani al Nabulusi and chaplain Henry Maundrell, and an early modern Jewish prayer in and for Israel.
Since 1714, when the Peace of Utrecht allocated it to Britain "in perpetuity," it has been a British territory.
Determined pacifists, they tried to find a middle ground between their Indian neighbors; demanding and intrusive Quebec and the Church, which presumed to direct the Acadians without offering protection; and the mounting power and presence of English, who had with the Peace of Utrecht taken formal dominion over Acadia.
Gibraltar was captured by Royal Marines in 1704 and officially ceded to Britain by Spain at the 1713 Peace of Utrecht. But Spain has long claimed sovereignty.
With characteristic foresight and political acumen, Handel accepted the commission (indeed he may have actually begun to write the work before receiving a commission) to compose a Te Deum for the Thanksgiving service, despite the fact that the Peace of Utrecht was far from satisfactory to the future King George, who promptly disconti nued Handel's appointment (if only temporarily).
Mining the huge literature on Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt and sundry aspects of their families, as well as private papers and interviews with descendants, the book breaks with usual practice by treating the often bitterly opposed TR and FDR branches as one, closing with a 1989 Hyde Park rapprochement that family members gibed as "the Peace of Utrecht."
Balance of Power and Norm Hierarchy: Franco-British Diplomacy After the Peace of Utrecht
In addition to detailing the political events of Coningsby's life--with many contextual subplots involving such events as the Glorious Revolution of 1688-9; the union with Scotland in 1707; the political battles surrounding the Peace of Utrecht in 1713, the Jacobite plot of 1722, and the prosecution and banishment of the Bishop of Rochester, to name a few--the author ties in a secondary focus on Alexander Pope's poem An Epistle to Bathurst, "the strongest riposte on behalf of Coningsby's victims" and among "the most brilliant poems Pope ever wrote." The discussion of the poem investigates the multiple connections between its text and the political life of Coningsby, the only real-life character mentioned by name in the poem.