Pearl Buck


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Buck, Pearl

 

Born June 26, 1892, in Hillsboro, West Virginia. American writer.

A missionary’s daughter, Pearl Buck spent her childhood and youth in China. In 1929 she published the novel East Wind: West Wind. In 1931 she published The Good Earth, a novel about a Chinese village (Russian translation, 1936). After moving to the USA, she continued to write about China, publishing Sons (1932; Russian translation, 1935) and A House Divided (1934; Russian translation, 1936).

During World War II, Pearl Buck wrote antifascist essays and pamphlets, including one on American-Soviet friendship (A Conversation About Russia, 1945). She published social and family novels about American life in the 1950’s under the pseudonym J. Sedges. Her novel, Command the Morning (1959), presents American scientists who are forced to create, an atomic bomb and who react to this in different ways. Proceeding from the point of view of abstract Christian democratism, Buck demands equality for Negroes and the abolition of colonialism. She was awarded the Nobel Prize (1938).

WORKS

Big Wave. New York, 1948.
One Bright Day. New York, 1950.
My Several Worlds: [A Personal Record]. New York, 1954.

REFERENCES

Krupskaia, N. K. [Retsenziia na kn. B. Zemlia.] Krasnyi bibliotekar’, 1934, no. 11.
Elistratova, A. “Kitai vne istorii.” Khudozhestvennaia literatura, 1935, no. 9.
Elistratova, A. “Perl Bak—Mat’.” International’naia literatura, 1936, no. 9.
Eishiskina, N. “Mirnyi li atom?” Inostrannaia literatura, 1960, no. 6.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It seemed so unanimous, the acclaim around Pearl Buck and these other people writing about China, so I figured there must be someone who hated her!
Almost all of them are recovered today in American literary history; and most of them included in the Norton Anthology of American Literature now; but Pearl Buck was never recovered even in the reconstruction of U.S.
Pearl Buck in China is a literary biography of the good old-fashioned kind: detailed, vivid, highly readable, and largely admiring of its subject.
8, quoted in Charles Silver, "Pearl Buck, Evangelism and Works of
China-hand Buck."(3) As this comment and the dates recorded in the Pearl Buck titles make clear, Faulkner had been familiar with Buck's work long before he made his own trip to Stockholm.
In the first Xi examines the theological evolution of three influential figures: physician Edward Hicks Hume, editor Frank Joseph Rawlinson, and educator Pearl Buck. Each reacted against his or her conservative upbringing for different reasons, and each embraced modernist principles for different reasons too.
Most Nation readers probably recall reading Pearl Buck's The Good Earth in high school.
It ignores the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, Pearl Buck, as well as two of America's most widely quoted poets-emma Lazarus and Julia Ward Howe.
You can't take the Nobel Prize, or, for that matter, any prize given to artists, very seriously; after all, James Joyce did not win a Nobel but Pearl Buck did.
Pearl Buck referred to herself as "mentally bifocal" with respect to her American and Chinese ways of looking at things.