Peat Reserves

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peat Reserves


(torfianoi fond), in the USSR, all known and explored peat deposits. Peat reserves are administered by bodies of the corresponding republics, for example, in the RSFSR by the Ministry of Geology of the RSFSR.

The industrial exploitation of peat deposits is organized according to the procedures for land allotment after the bodies that administer the peat resources have made an official decision on the proposed project. Peat enterprises are required annually to return depleted plots of land to the former users in a condition suitable for agriculture, reforestation, or fishing and to leave a protective layer of peat at least 0.15–0.5 m thick, depending on the disposition of the land. Responsibility for the restoration of these lands to a suitable condition rests with the land allocation service.

Procedures established by the legislative bodies of the Union republics give kolkhozes, sovkhozes, and other land users exceptional rights to work peat deposits located within the boundaries of their landholdings for their own agricultural and nonindustrial needs without a lease for mining, which is obligatory in all other cases. The proper use of peat reserves by kolkhozes and sovkhozes is monitored by agricultural bodies.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The money will be used to manage bracken, restore heather, improve grazing land and protect peat reserves on the Black Mountains.
Therefore, peat reserves play a major role in the carbon biogeochemical cycling, which is of key importance in the context of the ongoing process of climate change (Falkowski et al., 2003; Borgmark, 2005a).
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It also describes the applicability of GPR in the evaluation of peat reserves. Domestically, the technique of combining the GPR data with coring has only been applied while studying hydrogeological conditions in the Selisoo bog in northeastern Estonia (unpublished data by the authors).