Pechenga


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Pechenga

(pyĕ`chĭn-gə), Finnish Petsamo, town, NW European Russia, an ice-free port at the head of Pechenga Fjord on the Barents Sea and near the Norwegian border. It is also the northern terminus of an Arctic highway. Pechenga serves as the base for a fishing (notably herring) fleet. Located in an important nickel- and copper-mining region, the town has an ore refinery. Pechenga was known in the 16th cent. as a Muscovite foreign trading port. Ceded by Russia to Finland in 1920, it was a supply base in the German-Finnish drive on MurmanskMurmansk
, city (1989 pop. 468,000), capital of Murmansk region, NW European Russia, on the Kola Gulf of the Barents Sea. It is the terminus of the Northeast Passage and the world's largest city N of the Arctic Circle, with a polar research institute.
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 during World War II. The town was seized by Soviet forces and transferred to the USSR in the Russo-Finnish armistice of 1944.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pechenga

 

(Petsamo from 1920 to Sept. 19, 1944), an urban-type settlement in Pechenga Raion, Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Pechenga River at its influx into Pechenga Guba of the Barents Sea, Pechenga is 120 km northwest of Murmansk and 9 km from the Pechenga railroad station. Pechenga has been known since the Pechenga Monastery was founded in 1533. In 1920 it was ceded to Finland. After the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939–40, it was left part of Finland; on Sept. 19, 1944, on the basis of a peace agreement, Pechenga became part of the USSR. The environs of Pechenga have deposits of sulfidic copper and nickel ores, which are the basic raw mineral materials for the nickel and cobalt industry of the Kola Peninsula. The ice-free port of Linachamari is nearby.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Isotopic dating of the Pechenga rocks from SG-3 was performed by the potassium-argon and rubidium-strontium methods.
"Pechenga" is a replenishment vessel with 130 meters in length.
During the voyage the Russian naval task force was temporarily divided in two parts - the big anti-submarine ship Admiral Panteleyev, the big landing ships Peresvet and Admiral Nevelskoy that have been on a visit in the Iranian city Bandar Abbas since April 22, the tanker Pechenga and Fotiy Krylov called at the port Salalah in the Sultanate of Oman to replenish the stocks of fresh water, fuel and food on April 18.
Anti-submarine ship Admiral Tributs and supply ships MB-37 and Pechenga arrived here from the Chinese city of Qingdao, off whose coast the April 22-27 joint drill were held.
"A task force of Russian ships, comprising the Varyag missile cruiser, the Admiral Vinogradov, the Marshal Shaposhnikov and the Admiral Tributs large anti-submarine destroyers and the SB-522, MB-37 and Pechenga supply ships, left the port of Qingdao and anchored in the area of the Maritime Cooperation-2012 exercises in the Yellow Sea," the Russian Navy said in a statement.
Monitoring vegetation changes in Pasvik (Norway) and Pechenga in Kola Peninsula (Russia) using multitemporal Landsat MSS/TM data.
After the treaty in 1920 Finland received from Russia the Petsamo, or Pechenga, area in NE Lapland, and the naturalists were keen to put it on their maps: the Geo-Ecological Finland got a new province, Lapponia petsamoensis, which had just been cut out from the former Lapponia inarensis along a very unnatural but politically adequate line.
Moose were distributed on the Kola peninsula near the settlements of Borisoglebskiy, Pechenga, the towns of Kola and Lyavozero, along the Iokanga Rover to the mouth of the Sukhoy River, further north to the settlement of Kanevka, and south to the White Sea.
The crude will be transported by shuttle tankers from the platform to a floating oil storage facility in the Barents Sea bay of Pechenga, and on from there by tankers of larger capacity.
Similar deposits have long been mined in the Pechenga region in Kola Peninsula (Allarechensk, Kaula, Zhdanovskot, etc.).
The Russian Navy Large Anti-Submarine Ships Admiral Tributs (564), Admiral Vinogradov (572) and Large Sea Tanker Pechenga berthed in South Harbor, Manila on Saturday for a five-day goodwill visit to the Philippines until Thursday, June 14, 2018.