Pechenga


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Pechenga

(pyĕ`chĭn-gə), Finnish Petsamo, town, NW European Russia, an ice-free port at the head of Pechenga Fjord on the Barents Sea and near the Norwegian border. It is also the northern terminus of an Arctic highway. Pechenga serves as the base for a fishing (notably herring) fleet. Located in an important nickel- and copper-mining region, the town has an ore refinery. Pechenga was known in the 16th cent. as a Muscovite foreign trading port. Ceded by Russia to Finland in 1920, it was a supply base in the German-Finnish drive on MurmanskMurmansk
, city (1989 pop. 468,000), capital of Murmansk region, NW European Russia, on the Kola Gulf of the Barents Sea. It is the terminus of the Northeast Passage and the world's largest city N of the Arctic Circle, with a polar research institute.
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 during World War II. The town was seized by Soviet forces and transferred to the USSR in the Russo-Finnish armistice of 1944.

Pechenga

 

(Petsamo from 1920 to Sept. 19, 1944), an urban-type settlement in Pechenga Raion, Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Pechenga River at its influx into Pechenga Guba of the Barents Sea, Pechenga is 120 km northwest of Murmansk and 9 km from the Pechenga railroad station. Pechenga has been known since the Pechenga Monastery was founded in 1533. In 1920 it was ceded to Finland. After the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939–40, it was left part of Finland; on Sept. 19, 1944, on the basis of a peace agreement, Pechenga became part of the USSR. The environs of Pechenga have deposits of sulfidic copper and nickel ores, which are the basic raw mineral materials for the nickel and cobalt industry of the Kola Peninsula. The ice-free port of Linachamari is nearby.

References in periodicals archive ?
During the voyage the Russian naval task force was temporarily divided in two parts - the big anti-submarine ship Admiral Panteleyev, the big landing ships Peresvet and Admiral Nevelskoy that have been on a visit in the Iranian city Bandar Abbas since April 22, the tanker Pechenga and Fotiy Krylov called at the port Salalah in the Sultanate of Oman to replenish the stocks of fresh water, fuel and food on April 18.
Moose were distributed on the Kola peninsula near the settlements of Borisoglebskiy, Pechenga, the towns of Kola and Lyavozero, along the Iokanga Rover to the mouth of the Sukhoy River, further north to the settlement of Kanevka, and south to the White Sea.
The crude will be transported by shuttle tankers from the platform to a floating oil storage facility in the Barents Sea bay of Pechenga, and on from there by tankers of larger capacity.
In addition, eight local firefighters are helping to battle a 5,700-acre blaze five miles east of Temecula on the Pechenga Indian Reservation.
Similar deposits have long been mined in the Pechenga region in Kola Peninsula (Allarechensk, Kaula, Zhdanovskot, etc.
Nickel also is mined at Pechenga and Kola (Kola Peninsula) and at several Ural sites.
Varyag will be joined by sea tanker Pechenga from the Pacific Fleet of the Russian Navy, Philippine Navy spokesperson Captain Lued Lincuna said.
They are represented by highly metamorphosed complexes that constitute a substantial part of the Kola-Norwegian block to the north-east and east of the Pechenga rift structure (Vetrin, 2007).
The detachment consisting of The Admiral Panteleyev major anti-submarine ship, The Admiral Nevelskoy and The Peresvet large landing ships, The Foty Krylov ocean-going rescue ship, and The Pechenga sea tanker left Vladivostok on the 19th of April to do combat duty in the world ocean.
The detachment consisting of the Admiral Panteleyev major anti-submarine ship, the Admiral Nevelskoy and the Peresvet large landing ships, the Foty Krylov ocean-going rescue ship, and the Pechenga sea tanker which left Vladivostok on the 19th of April to do combat duty in the world ocean, the Voice of Russia reported.
Accessible reserves at the Pechenga mines are being rapidly depleted, and the economics of further mine development are questionable given the low ore grades.