Pecos National Historical Park

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Pecos National Historical Park,

6,671 acres (2,702 hectares), N New Mexico; est. as a national monument 1965, designated a national historical park 1990. The park contains the remains of the Pecos pueblo, a major trade center strategically located between the Great Plains and the Rio Grande Valley. The Pecos site was excavated from 1915–29 by Alfred V. KidderKidder, Alfred Vincent,
1885–1963, American archaeologist, b. Marquette, Mich., grad. Harvard (B.A. 1908; Ph.D. 1914). From 1915 to 1929 he conducted excavations at Pecos, N.Mex., for the Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.
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 and is considered the first major archaeological dig using modern scientific techniques. In 1999 nearly 2,000 skeletons that had been excavated there were returned to the inhabitants of modern JemezJemez
, pueblo (1990 pop. 1,301), Sandoval co., N N.Mex., on the East Fork of the Jemez River. In the 16th cent. there were several Jemez pueblos; by 1622 there were only two. One of the remaining pueblos was abandoned prior to the Pueblo revolt of 1680.
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 and reburied at Pecos. Two Spanish colonial missions are also preserved, as well as sites associated with the Santa Fe Trail and the 1862 Civil War battle of Glorieta Pass. A 2-mi (3-km) segment of the Pecos River is protected in the park.
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Pecos National Historical Park

Address:PO Box 418
Pecos, NM 87552

Size: 6,670 acres.
Established: Authorized as a national monument on June 28, 1965; redesignated on June 27, 1990.
Location:25 miles southeast of Santa Fe, New Mexico, off I-25.
Facilities:Picnic area, rest rooms (é), visitor center (é), museum/exhibit, self-guided tour/trail (é). Entrance fee required.
Activities:Self-guided and guided tours, cultural demonstrations.
Special Features:Park preserves 12,000 years of human history, including the ruins of the Pecos Pueblo and many other American Indian structures, Spanish colonial missions, homesteads of the Mexican era, a section of the Santa Fe Trail, sites related to the Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass, and 20th century ranch history of Forked Lightning Ranch.

See other parks in New Mexico.
Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Today, most of the 40,000 annual visitors to Pecos National Historical Park come to see these ruins.
Falleiros has been selected by the National Parks Arts Foundation to be the latest Artist-in-Residence at Pecos National Historical Park, a multi-unit park that contains the remnants of the once vibrant Pecos Pueblo.
Bel Falleiros will speak about her residency and art process in a special presentation at 1:30 pm in the Pecos National Historical Park Kiva Theater as part of the park's NPS Centennial (1916-2016) Celebration.
Pecos National Historical Park Pecos, (505) 757-6414.
Ford has been selected by the National Parks Arts Foundation to be the first Artist-in-Residence at Pecos National Historical Park, a multi-unit park that contains the remnants of the once vibrant Pecos Pueblo.
Pecos National Historical Park originated in 1960 as a National Historic Landmark, to preserve the core of the Pueblo of Ciquique (Pecos) and its Mission, la Mission de Nuestra Senora de los Angeles de Porciuncula de los Pecos, and over the last 30 years has grown to include the famed Glorieta Pass Battlefield, which was the site of the famed 'Gettysburg of the West', were Union Forces defeated a larger and better trained Confederate force from Texas that was moving north to capture Coloradan gold fields.
"Traditional crafts in Mexico have more longevity than in the United States," says Jeremy Moss, an archaeologist who worked at Tumacacori for nine years, before becoming the chief of cultural resources at Pecos National Historical Park in New Mexico.
Glorieta Battlefield, called the "Gettysburg of the West" by some historians, is part of Pecos National Historical Park, but only a handful of the park's annual 40,000 visitors ever see it.
* SOUTHWEST NPCA is expected to release this fall a study of the economic and visual benefits of removing a state road that runs through the middle of Glorieta Battlefield at Pecos National Historical Park in New Mexico.
Travelers continuing on to Pecos National Historical Park should keep an eye out for the Glorieta Battlefield sign on Highway 50, about a mile east of the interchange with Interstate 25.
For more information, write to: Pecos National Historical Park, PO.
For more information, contact Pecos National Historical Park, P.O.