Pedicularis


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Related to Pedicularis: Pedicularis canadensis

Pedicularis

 

a genus of plants of the family Scrophulariaceae. They are perennial or, less commonly, annual or biennial hemiparasitic herbs. The leaves are pinnatisect or pinnately lobed; the lower leaves form a rosette. The irregular flowers, which are pink-violet, purple, yellow, or white, are in spicate or racemose inflorescences. The corolla is two-lipped; the fruit is a capsule.

There are approximately 600 species of Pedicularis, distributed in the northern hemisphere, primarily in the Himalayas and China; one species is encountered in South America. More than 110 species are found in the USSR, primarily in Middle Asia, on dry rocky slopes and in alpine and subalpine meadows. The rattle, or red rattle (Pedicularis palustris), is widespread in the northern and central parts of the European SSR. It grows in swamps and along various bodies of water. All parts of the plant are toxic: they contain the glycoside aucubin (rhinanthin). The rattle is used as an insecticide. A number of species of Pedicularis are cultivated as ornamentals.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, the height of Stipa crylovii was lower than other herbage species; the herbage mass of Pedicularis alaschanica was lower than other species; and the cover of Pedicularis alaschanica, Stellera chamaejasme, Achnatherum inebrians and Agropyron cristatum was very low (Table 2).
In contrast, photosynthetic activity is evident for both Antirrhinum and Pedicularis, with levels of [CO.
Insect Butterfly, Karner blue Lycaeides melissa samuelis Plant Lousewort, Furbish's Pedicularis furbishiae Orchid, eastern prairie white fringed Platanthera leucophaea Orchid, western prairie white fringed Platanthera praeclara Paintbrush, golden Castilleja levisecta Pogonia, small whorled Isotria medeoloides Thistle, Pitcher's or dune Cirsium pitcheri National Federal Common Name Status, Status, Canada US [COSEWIC] [FWS] Mammal Bear, grizzly V T Caribou, woodland T E Ferret, black-footed EX E Otter, southern sea T T Whale, blue V E Whale, bowhead (E.
Mode of attachment, haustorium structure and host of Pedicularis Canadensis.
A variant of curvature is torsion, such as resupination in orchids (inferior ovary), torsion in Platystigma (superior ovary), mimosoids (superior ovary), Medicago (superior ovary), Helicteres (superior ovary), Cajophora (inferior ovary), Pedicularis (corolla) (Goebel, 1920).
Other forbs that were commonly encountered in both studies were Lithospermum canescens, Pedicularis canadensis, Phlox pilosa, Thaspium barbinode, Comandra umbellata, Blephilia ciliata, Liatris cylindracea, Linum sulcatum, and Chamaecrista fasciculata.
Herbaceous plants occurring in both sedge meadows include Agalinis purpurea, Eupatorium perfoliatum, Filipendula rubra, Galium triflorum, Lobelia kalmii, Lysimachia quadriflora, Monarda fistulosa, Oxypolis rigidior, Pedicularis lanceolata, Pilea fontana, Pycnanthemum virginianum, Rudbeckia hirta var.
rebunense (Orchidacee); a possible case of floral mimicry of Pedicularis schistostegia (Orobanchaceae).
to extant Pedicularis, is distinguished by its long colpi, which almost