Pedicularis


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Related to Pedicularis: Pedicularis canadensis

Pedicularis

 

a genus of plants of the family Scrophulariaceae. They are perennial or, less commonly, annual or biennial hemiparasitic herbs. The leaves are pinnatisect or pinnately lobed; the lower leaves form a rosette. The irregular flowers, which are pink-violet, purple, yellow, or white, are in spicate or racemose inflorescences. The corolla is two-lipped; the fruit is a capsule.

There are approximately 600 species of Pedicularis, distributed in the northern hemisphere, primarily in the Himalayas and China; one species is encountered in South America. More than 110 species are found in the USSR, primarily in Middle Asia, on dry rocky slopes and in alpine and subalpine meadows. The rattle, or red rattle (Pedicularis palustris), is widespread in the northern and central parts of the European SSR. It grows in swamps and along various bodies of water. All parts of the plant are toxic: they contain the glycoside aucubin (rhinanthin). The rattle is used as an insecticide. A number of species of Pedicularis are cultivated as ornamentals.

References in periodicals archive ?
Studies are being carried out on the herb's relationship to other Pedicularis to better understand the micro-evolution in the species.
pho glang (the masculine type, Pedicularis integrifolia, Litang), mo glang (the feminine type, Pedicularis anas, Litang), and ma ning glang (the hermaphrodite type (43)).
Insect Butterfly, Karner blue Lycaeides melissa samuelis Plant Lousewort, Furbish's Pedicularis furbishiae Orchid, eastern prairie white fringed Platanthera leucophaea Orchid, western prairie white fringed Platanthera praeclara Paintbrush, golden Castilleja levisecta Pogonia, small whorled Isotria medeoloides Thistle, Pitcher's or dune Cirsium pitcheri National Federal Common Name Status, Status, Canada US [COSEWIC] [FWS] Mammal Bear, grizzly V T Caribou, woodland T E Ferret, black-footed EX E Otter, southern sea T T Whale, blue V E Whale, bowhead (E.
Pedicularis furbishiae, a species with close relatives in Asia but nowhere else in North America, is still endangered, however.
Preference for Pedicularis by these DP and PC butterflies was not considered a result of independent evolutionary events but to reflect movement of individuals from IF to these other areas.
dunensis that are calcareous-fen species with the optimum in the Caricion davallianae alliance, (2) other fen species of the ScheuchzerioCaricetea fuscae (Dactylorhiza incarnata, Eleocharis quinqueflora, Epipactis palustris, Hydrocotyle vulgaris, Liparis loeselii, Parnassia palustris, Pedicularis palustris, Schoenus nigricans, Spiranthes aestivalis, Valeriana dioica), (3) subhalophytic and halophytic elements (Carex disticha, Centaurium littorale, C.
Mode of attachment, haustorium structure and host of Pedicularis Canadensis.
The first responses during haustorial initiation are cortical enlargement and increasing cell division, resulting in lateral or apical protuberances in the parasite root similar to other Orobanchaceae, such as Bartsia, Lathraea, Melampyrum, Pedicularis and Rhinanthus (Heckard 1962, Dobbins & Kuijt 1973a, Weber & Weberling 1975, Riopel & Timko 1995).
1,15% 1,48% 1,57% 2,49% SCROPHULARIACEAE 0,00% Bellardia trixago 0,25% 0,35% Pedicularis sylvatica 0,24% 0,38% SOLANACEAE 0,00% Solanum nigrum 0,25% 0,32% 0,01% 0,05% TILIACEAE 0,00% Tilia platyphyllos 0,23% 0,27% UMBELLIFERAE 0,00% Conium maculatum 0,23% 0,42% Daucus carota 0,06% 0,08% 0,01% 0,03% VITACEAE 0,00% Vitis vinifera 0,56% 0,74% 1,10% 1,85% OTROS 0,71% 0,86% 2,91% 3,94% Formas polinicas Eucalipto * ** ACANTHACEAE Stenandrium sp.
A variant of curvature is torsion, such as resupination in orchids (inferior ovary), torsion in Platystigma (superior ovary), mimosoids (superior ovary), Medicago (superior ovary), Helicteres (superior ovary), Cajophora (inferior ovary), Pedicularis (corolla) (Goebel, 1920).
Empetrum nigrum, Diapensia lapponica, Pedicularis hirsuta L.