Pedro Fernandez de Quiros

Quiros, Pedro Fernandez de

 

(also P. F. de Queirós). Born 1560 (?), in Evora; died 1614 (?), in Panama. Spanish navigator; Portuguese by birth.

In 1595–96, Quirós was the chief helmsman on A. de Mendaña de Neyra’s second expedition. In 1605–06 he commanded three ships of the last Spanish expedition sent in search of the mythical “southern land”—Australia (Latin Terra australis incognita, literally “unknown southern land”)—in the Pacific Ocean. Quirós discovered a number of atolls of the Tuamotu archipelago, the Duff Islands, and, south of them, the Banks Islands and the island of Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides group. He thought that Espiritu Santo was part of the southern land.

REFERENCES

Svet, la. M. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1966.
Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, vols. 1–2. London, 1904.
Sharp, A. The Discovery of the Pacific Islands. New York-London, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
1874 es la fecha en que sucedera la primera publicacion en ingles en Sidney de los memoriales de Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, pero tambien de la recopilacion realizada por Justo Zaragoza desde Espana, por lo que podemos establecerla como uno de los momentos inaugurales de dicha cuestion (22).
Y entre todos ellos, en la busqueda del continente austral, ninguno destaca mas que Pedro Fernandez de Quiros. Su historia es bien conocida; partio del virreinato del Peru en 1605 y tras muchas vicisitudes creyo haber hallado la Terra Australis al recalar en la mas grande isla del archipielago de las Nuevas Hebridas, actual Vanuatu.
The question of whether Pedro Fernandez de Quiros named his South Pacific discovery Australia (the Southern Continent) or Austrialia (after the House of Austria, to which the Spanish king was connected) continues with Rupert Gerritsen's valuable contribution to the debate.
A ready example of this is the reference to "the Southern regions" in the title of Zaragoza's book: "Historia del descubrimiento de las regiones Austriales hecho por el general Pedro Fernandez de Quiros".
Kevin Sheehan's account of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros' voyages throughout the Pacific makes clear that while Quiros' search for the Solomon Islands may have been grandiose, it was grounded in the science of the day.
In her new book, the author recounts the Pacific expeditions undertaken by the Spanish navigators Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa and Alvaro de Mendana [1567-1569], Mendana and Pedro Fernandez de Quiros [1595-1596], and Quiros and Luis Vaez de Torres [1605-1616].
Personagens hibridos--nem totalmente crioulos, nem completamente europeus--como o navegador portugues a servico de Felipe III (Felipe II de Portugal) Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, o matematico e astronomo Carlos de Singuenza y Gongorra, o naturalista e editor de periodicos Jose Antonio Alzate y Ramirez e o naturalista Jose Celestino Mutis.
DESCUBIERTA POR PEDRO FERNANDEZ DE QUIROS LA HERMOSA BAHIA que denomino de San Felipe y Santiago, el celebre navegante tomo posesion de ella por la Corona de Espana (Ano 1607) Historia de la Marina Real Espanola (Madrid, 1854)
In that year, Pedro Fernandez de Quiros travelled from Portugal to Rome among the other pilgrims of the Catholic faith.
In de Quiros' own account, published as The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, 1595 to 1606, the proclamation he read when he took possession in the name of the King of Spain named the place Australia del Espiritu Santo.
A paper, "French Mischief: A Foxy map of New Holland" by Margaret Cameron Ash was published in The Globe no.68 in 2011 (Cameron Ash 2011), and in which three references were made to "Austrialia del Espiritu Santo", including a translated quote from the document claiming possession ("Possession in the name of His Majesty") prepared by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros in 1606 (Markham 1904, 1:251).
The paper published last issue contains misspellings of the place-name that Pedro Fernandez de Quiros gave to his Pacific discovery, which did not appear in the author's manuscript.