Pedro de Valdivia
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Valdivia, Pedro de
Born circa 1500; died December 1553 or January 1554. Spanish conquistador and conqueror of Chile.
From 1535 to 1537, Valdivia participated in the conquest of Peru and Chile. In 1540 he directed a new campaign in Chile. He founded the cities of Santiago (1541), La Serena (1544), Concepción (1550), Imperial (1551), Valdivia (1552), and others. He waged a bitter struggle against the Araucanian Indians. In a battle near Tocopilla (December 1553) he was captured by the Indians and put to death. Valdivia’s letters to Emperor Charles V are valuable source materials on the history of Chile.
REFERENCEVernon, S. W. Pedro de Valdivia, Conquistador of Chile. Austin, 1946.
M. S. AL’PEROVICH