peer-to-peer

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Related to Peer-to-peer sharing: P2P network

peer-to-peer

(networking)
1. The kind of communication found in a system using layered protocols. Each software or hardware component can be considered to communicate only with its peer in the same layer via the connection provided by the lower layers.

peer-to-peer

From user to user. Peer-to-peer implies that either side can initiate a session and has equal responsibility. Peer-to-peer is a somewhat confusing term, because it has always been contrasted to a central system that initiates and controls everything. But in practice, two users on a peer-to-peer system often require data from a third computer. For example, the infamous Napster file sharing service was always called a "peer-to-peer network," but its use of a central server to store the public directory made it both centralized and peer-to-peer.

The two major categories of peer-to-peer systems are for file sharing (see peer-to-peer network) and CPU sharing (see grid computing). In a wireless network, a peer-to-peer architecture is called an "ad hoc" network (see mobile ad hoc network).

There are many applications and services that claim to be peer-to-peer. Visit www.openp2p.com and click on the "P2P Directory" for a comprehensive list of resources, articles and blogs about the subject.


A Peer-To-Peer Primer
O'Reilly's book, "Peer-To-Peer; Harnessing the Power of Disruptive Technologies" is a collection of potent articles by peer-to-peer experts. Edited by Adam Oram, it covers every major pioneering P2P effort, including Napster and SETI, and explains all the architectures and ramifications of the subject. This is essential peer-to-peer reading. (O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., 2001, ISBN 0-596-00110-X).
References in periodicals archive ?
Responding to the concerns of unlawful peer-to-peer sharing, MPs said: "We conclude that problems with illegal file-sharing of copyrighted [music] has been caused by rights-holders and the music industry being far too slow in getting their act together and making popular legal alternatives available.
Darknets Au private networks carved out of the Internet to allow peer-to-peer sharing Au can be quickly and easily created among Web browsers making it possible for people to participate anonymously and for the darknet itself to vanish with barely a trace when all the participants close their browsers, researchers have said.
To start with, all previous drawbacks from conventional non peer-to-peer sharing would be still there, unsolved.
The "Creative Archive" will allow users to download clips from archive programs, provide tools for editing those clips, and encourage peer-to-peer sharing of content.
With the rapid adoption end use of broadband connectivity, peer-to-peer sharing and CD burners, protecting software revenues and intellectual property is more critical than ever.
The bill is designed to protect government information and sensitive documents that might be compromised if peer-to-peer sharing were allowed.
IBM today said it has developed technology that will enable authorized peer-to-peer sharing of digital music or book files.
Crowdfunding is a method for raising funds online that uses social media and peer-to-peer sharing.
TuLook encourages peer-to-peer sharing of the latest trends without any app fees.
In some regions peer-to-peer sharing and lending is more advanced than others.
In addition to supporting the BIRT community through forums and peer-to-peer sharing of content, the new developer site features downloads of the Eclipse BIRT IDE (co-founded and sponsored by Actuate) as well as free trial downloads of Actuate commercial BIRT products such as the various BIRT Designers, BIRT iHub , and the free open-source add-on BIRT Viewer Toolkit .