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a plant genus of the Zygophyllaceae family (bean capers). Six species are known to exist in southern Europe, Asia (from Asia Minor to Mongolia) and America (Mexico). There are two species in the USSR. Harmal (P. harmala), a herbaceous perennial plant with a taproot, is commonly encountered in the southern European part of the country, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The leaves are dissected in lanceolate lobes. The perianth is pentamerous and the petals are white. There are 15 stamens and a superior gynaecium. The fruit is a trilocular polyspermic pod. Peganum grows on the steppes, semidesert, and desert. Sometimes it grows as a weed near houses or along roads. Animals do not eat it because it is poisonous. It contains alkaloids, harmaline, harmine, and other toxic substances. The seeds of Peganum yield fast dyes (purplish pink and other colors) for woolen and silken fabrics.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


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2 D36 kasur a wild tree D37 katil dates packed in a lump D38 kattl beckoning D39 kazab big date bag made of dwarf- palm leaves D40 katum head; point; bank; top D41 kao debt, loan, indebtedness D42 kawar- to poison D43 kawel lower end of embanked field where water collects D44 kil broadcast D45 kisankur the wild shrub, Peganum harmada D46 kitt- to groan D47 kit untanned sheepskin bag D48 kindaw hill track; end of intestine, tripe D49 kok (2) inner corner of the eye D50 kond- to prick, pierce, stab D51 kor (2) species of acacia tree D52 kos puckered; pucker; rancor D52B kul in small spring DEDR 2569 [section] PEI cakkul 8.
1), originally isolated from the seeds of Peganum harmala, is a tricyclic compound belonging to the [beta]-carboline alkaloids (Frost et al.
Some of these preparations are made by the admixture of extracted compounds like harmine plus DMT (pharmahuasca), while others are prepared with other botanical sources of [beta]-carbolines and tryptamines (anahuasca), like Peganum harmala [Syrian rue] seeds, a [beta]-carbolines source, in combination with the inner bark of Mimosa tenuiflora [jurema], a DMT-rich plant traditionally used in indigenous and syncretic rituals in Northeast Brazil (da Mota & Albuquerque 2002; Ott 1994).
The floral development and vascular anatomy of Peganum harmala.
vasicine and vasicinone in several botanicals such as Xylopia aethiopica, Peganum harmala epigeal parts, Areca catchu nuts and Gloriosa superba roots as abortifacient bioactive agents and/or their role in the contraction and relaxation of uterine muscles (9-12).
A total of 2,365 seedlings were counted during the study and six species were identified: Distichlis spicata, Peganum harmala, Helianthus paradoxus, Sporobolus airoides, Heliotropium curassavicum (seaside heliotrope) and Prosopis glandulosa (Table 2).
Species Division Class 1 Capparis cartilaginea Spermatophyta Angiospermae a e 2 Capparis sinaica 3 Dipterygium glaucum 4 Farsetia longisiliqua 5 Citrullus colocynthis 6 Peganum harmala 7 Haplophyllum tuberculatum 8 Spergula falax 9 Robbairea deliliana 10 Hammada elegans 11 Acacia tortilis 12 Casia italica 13 Alhagi maurorum 14 Astragalus annularis 15 Tephrosia apollinea 16 Rhaziz stricta 17 Calotropis procera 18 Convolovulus desertii 19 Heliotropium supinum 20 Heliotropium digynum 21 Achillea santolina 22 Echinops spinosissimus 23 Francoeuria crispa 24 Setaria verticillata 25 Juncus rigidus No.
Smoke seed leaves its branches are Peganum harmala L.
2006) and antidiabetic as well as antidyslipidemic activity in 4-hydroxypipecolic acid (4-HPA) isolated from seeds of Peganum harmala (Singh et al.
In three cases, the subjects reported concurrent use of other drugs such as cannabis, dextromethorphan and peganum (Peganum harmala) (Figure 3).
Loessial soils in this area are dominated by the xerohalophytes Anabasis syriaca and Peganum harmala.
From the past to now, in medical and treatment of diseases medicinal plants have generally been used and peganum is one of the medicinal plants with the scientific name of Peganum harmala, from the family of zigu filaseh.