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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a plant genus of the Zygophyllaceae family (bean capers). Six species are known to exist in southern Europe, Asia (from Asia Minor to Mongolia) and America (Mexico). There are two species in the USSR. Harmal (P. harmala), a herbaceous perennial plant with a taproot, is commonly encountered in the southern European part of the country, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The leaves are dissected in lanceolate lobes. The perianth is pentamerous and the petals are white. There are 15 stamens and a superior gynaecium. The fruit is a trilocular polyspermic pod. Peganum grows on the steppes, semidesert, and desert. Sometimes it grows as a weed near houses or along roads. Animals do not eat it because it is poisonous. It contains alkaloids, harmaline, harmine, and other toxic substances. The seeds of Peganum yield fast dyes (purplish pink and other colors) for woolen and silken fabrics.


Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Keywords: Capparis spinosa, Clematis orientalis, Mentha longifolia, Peganum harmala, root-knot nematode, green pesticides.
Antiparasitic effect of wild rue (Peganum harmala L.) against experimentally induced coccidiosis in broiler chicks.
Lamiaceae Hos otu, viride (Boiss.) Hayek Kaya kekigi, Tas kekik, Sari kekik, Yayla kekigi, Dag kekigi Ornithogalum Liliaceae Kopek sogani, armeniacum Baker Beyaz sumbul, Yogurtcuk otu Peganum harmala L.
Composition and anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities of Artemisa herba-alba, Ruta chalpensis L., and Peganum harmala L.
Effects of a triplex mixture of Peganum harmala, Rhus coriaria, and Urtica dioica aqueous extracts on metabolic and histological parameters in diabetic rats.
Peganum harmala (harmal) heals stomach disorder while Achyranthes aspera (puthkanda) possess anti inflammatory properties.
Nenaah, "Antibacterial and antifungal activities of (beta)-carboline alkaloids of Peganum harmala (L) seeds and their combination effects," Fitoterapia, vol.
harmala is the only salt-tolerant perennial herb in the Peganum genus of the family Zygophyllaceae [1].
sinensis (Intercepted in New York, USA) Pakistan Eriobotrya japonica (Rosaceae), Peganum harmala (Nitrariaceae), Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae), Citrus sp., P.
The collected plants were consist of different wild species which are as follow, True indigo (Indigo feratinctoria), Sugar cane (Saccharium officinarum), Greater plantain (Plantago majo), Harmel (Peganum harmala), Kerda (Capparis decidua), Baker (Sophramolli), Common blue violet (Viola sororia), Basket flower (Centaurea uniflora), Bermude gran (Cynodon dactylon), Poa (Poa annua), Horse weed ( Conyza canadensis), Sage brush (Artemisia tridintata), Babylon willow (Salix babylonia), Indian heliotripi (Heliotropium indicum), London racket (Sisymbrium Iris) and Knot weed (Polygonum coccineum).
7: Usage frequency of the most popular species in Er-Rich Rosmarinus officinalis 95 Thymus satureioides 74 Mentha suaveolens 63 Artemisia herba-alba 48 Foeniculum vulgare 39 Mentha pulegium 37 Peganum harmala 37 Chenopodium ambrosioides 25 Dittrichia viscosa 24 Citrullus colocynthis 23 Lactuca serriola 20 Juniperus phoenica 18 Capparis spinosa 14 Note: Table made from bar graph.