Peganum


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Peganum

 

a plant genus of the Zygophyllaceae family (bean capers). Six species are known to exist in southern Europe, Asia (from Asia Minor to Mongolia) and America (Mexico). There are two species in the USSR. Harmal (P. harmala), a herbaceous perennial plant with a taproot, is commonly encountered in the southern European part of the country, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. The leaves are dissected in lanceolate lobes. The perianth is pentamerous and the petals are white. There are 15 stamens and a superior gynaecium. The fruit is a trilocular polyspermic pod. Peganum grows on the steppes, semidesert, and desert. Sometimes it grows as a weed near houses or along roads. Animals do not eat it because it is poisonous. It contains alkaloids, harmaline, harmine, and other toxic substances. The seeds of Peganum yield fast dyes (purplish pink and other colors) for woolen and silken fabrics.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

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The behavior of weeds was different; peganum showed a greater sensitivity to the lowest dose in the presence of the three extracts and its GI varied between 51 and 74%.
As shown in the table 3, the alkaloidic extracts of Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum harmala present the highest concentrations of alkaloids, approaching 20g/100g.
En effet, dans le parcours libre soumis a une forte pression humaine et animale, montre un stade de degradation tres avance conforte par la presence des especes de faible valeur pastorale qui deviennent de plus en plus ahondantes telles que: Atractylis serratuloides, Peganum harmala, Ferula cossoniana, Thymelaea microphylla, alors que d'autres especes diminuent voire meme disparaissent entre autres: Stipa parviflora, Artemisia herba alba, Salsola vermiculata.
2 D36 kasur a wild tree D37 katil dates packed in a lump D38 kattl beckoning D39 kazab big date bag made of dwarf- palm leaves D40 katum head; point; bank; top D41 kao debt, loan, indebtedness D42 kawar- to poison D43 kawel lower end of embanked field where water collects D44 kil broadcast D45 kisankur the wild shrub, Peganum harmada D46 kitt- to groan D47 kit untanned sheepskin bag D48 kindaw hill track; end of intestine, tripe D49 kok (2) inner corner of the eye D50 kond- to prick, pierce, stab D51 kor (2) species of acacia tree D52 kos puckered; pucker; rancor D52B kul in small spring DEDR 2569 [section] PEI cakkul 8.
In the Old World, the knowledge and use of DMT containing Acacia species combined with the seeds of the ancient sacred plant Peganum harmala, a known MAOI, has been suggested as a candidate brew pharmacologically equivalent to Ayahuasca (Ott,1993).
In this backdrop, the combined extracts of Rhizome of Curcuma longa, fruit of Citrullus colocynthis and seed of Peganum harmala were found gifted.
Del tropico seco (caliente y seco): Ephedra, Peganum, Lycium, etcetera
Other plants that caused poisoning in this region are Peganum harmala, Mandragora automnalis, Carthamus tinctorius, Warionia saharae, Ricinus communis and Rosmarinus officinalis.
Some of these preparations are made by the admixture of extracted compounds like harmine plus DMT (pharmahuasca), while others are prepared with other botanical sources of [beta]-carbolines and tryptamines (anahuasca), like Peganum harmala [Syrian rue] seeds, a [beta]-carbolines source, in combination with the inner bark of Mimosa tenuiflora [jurema], a DMT-rich plant traditionally used in indigenous and syncretic rituals in Northeast Brazil (da Mota & Albuquerque 2002; Ott 1994).
Midar and Laaroui Driouch (Province of Nador) for Peganum harmala and Ziziphus lotus during the "May--July" period,