(pen name of Peio Kracholov). Born Jan. 1, 1878, in Chirpan; died Oct. 16, 1914, in Sofia. Bulgarian poet.
From 1892 to 1898, Iavorov was sympathetic to the socialist movement. In his poems of those years, for example, “In the Cornfield” and “Hail,” he depicted the social tragedy of the Bulgarian peasantry and the protest against tyranny and oppression. After the suppression of the Ilinda rebellion (1903), which Iavorov helped prepare, his poetry dwelt on motifs of pessimism and loneliness. Many of the poems of these years include lyric verses of lofty tragedy that express the grief of unfulfilled ideals, hopelessness, and the spiritual pain of a human being in the suffocating atmosphere of the bourgeois world. Iavorov’s plays At the Foot of Vitosha (1911) and How the Echo Fades After the Thunder (1912) deal with broad social issues.
WORKSSubrani suchineniia, vols. 1–5. Sofia, 1959–60.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. Moscow, 1958.
Lirika. Moscow, 1972.
REFERENCESMarkov, D. F. “P. Iavorov.” In Ocherki istorii bolgarskoi literatury XIX–XX vv. Moscow, 1959.
Naidenova-Stoilova, G. P. K. Iavorov, parts 1–2. Sofia, 1957–62.
Arnaudov, M. Iavorov: Lichnost, tvorchestvo, sudba. 2nd ed. Sofia, 1970.