Peking University

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Beijing University

Beijing University or Peking University, at Beijing, China; founded as Metropolitan Univ. 1898, renamed Peking Univ. 1911, absorbed nontechnical departments of Tsinghua Univ. and merged with and moved to the campus of Yanjing (Yenching) Univ. 1952. Divided into six colleges, it is China's foremost liberal arts university and has a large mathematics and science faculty as well. Some 80 research institutes and centers are affiliated with the university. The university library, the largest such library in China, contains over 4 million volumes, including more than a million thread-bound Chinese books. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the university relocated to Kunming, Yunnan, and with Tsinghua and Nankai universities formed the National Southwestern Associated Univ. From 1966 to 1970, during the height of the Cultural Revolution, Beijing Univ. was closed.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peking University


one of the oldest and largest institutions of higher learning in China. Founded as the Higher Capital School in 1898, the institution became a university in 1911. In the 1920’s the faculty included one of the founders of the Communist Party of China, Li Ta-chao (who organized the Marxist Research Society at the university library), and the writer Lu Hsiin. During the National Liberation War of 1937–45, the university was evacuated to K’unming (Yünnan Province). In 1952 it was reorganized and expanded to include several departments of other higher educational institutions in Peking. A number of the university’s departments were turned into independent institutes, and a graduate school and a workers’ and peasants’ preparatory school were organized.

In the early 1960’s, Peking University had 14 departments: Chinese language and literature, Russian language and literature, Oriental languages (Arabic, Vietnamese, Japanese), Western European languages and literature (English, German, French), history, geography, philosophy, library science, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, economics, and law. The university library contains 1.8 million volumes. In the 1965–66 academic year, there were more than 10,000 students and about 2,000 instructors and researchers. The Cultural Revolution (late 1960’s) interrupted studies at the university until 1970. In the 1971–72 academic year, the student enrollment was about 3,000. A three-year course of study has been established, at the cost of curtailing the program of study, especially in theoretical disciplines.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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