Pelli, César

Pelli, César,

1926–2019, American architect, b. Tucumán, Argentina. Pelli graduated (1949) from the Univ. of Tucumán, immigrated (1952) to the United States, and subsequently attended (1952–54) the Univ. of Illinois. He worked with Eero SaarinenSaarinen, Eero
, 1910–61, Finnish-American architect, grad. Yale (B.A., 1934), became an American citizen in 1940; son of Eliel Saarinen. Saarinen's reputation was established with his design of the General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Mich. (1951–55).
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 from 1954 to 1964, the year he became a U.S. citizen. In 1977 he established his own firm in New Haven, Conn., and from that year until 1984 he was also the dean of Yale's School of Architecture. Pelli did not have a readily identifiable style; working within a modernist idiom, he strove to adapt each project appropriately to its culture, function, and site. This approach is evident in a wide variety of major public projects, including the controversial three-building, glass-clad Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles, the first with a brilliant blue facade (1975), the second, green (1988), and the third, red (2013); Museum of Modern Art extension and residential tower, New York City (1984); NTT Headquarters, Tokyo (1990); World Financial Center complex, New York City (1987); and the lofty Canary Wharf Tower, London (1991), Petronas TowersPetronas Towers,
twin skyscrapers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, that are the world's tallest twin towers. Standing 1,483 ft (452 m) high, they were designed by the Argentinian-American architect César Pelli.
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, Kuala Lumpur (1997), Goldman Sachs building, Jersey City, N.J., (2004), and Salesforce Tower (2017), San Francisco's tallest building.

His wife, Diana Balmori (dēä`nä bälmôr`ē), 1932–2016, b. Spain, was a noted American landscape architect whose collaborative approach to design took architectural, social, and ecological factors into consideration. Among her many projects were a master plan to convert Bilbao's old industrial port into a park system that connected to the river and the Frank GehryGehry, Frank Owen
, 1929–, American architect, b. Toronto, Ont., as Frank Owen Goldberg. He is widely considered one of the finest and most artful of contemporary architects. In 1947, Gehry's family moved to Los Angeles, where he attended the Univ.
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–designed museum, a rooftop garden for Silvercup Studios, Long Island City, N.Y., and landscape plans for new government ministries in Sejong City, South Korea. Her books include A Landscape Manifesto (2010).


See studies by J. Pastier (1980), P. Goldberger et al. (1991), D. Anger (1996), and P. Barreneche, ed. (2003).

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Pelli, Cesar

Argentine-born American architect who worked for Eero Saarinen before becoming director of design for Daniel, Mann, Johnson & Mendenhall in 1964, and later the design partner, Gruen Associates. He set up his own practice in New Haven, CT (1977). The Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles, CA (1971), brought his name to notice. He designed the Winter Garden and World Financial Center at the World Trade Center, NYC (1981), the Canary Wharf Tower, London, England (1986), and the huge Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia (1997).
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