Pelosi, Nancy Patricia

Pelosi, Nancy Patricia

(pəlō`sē), 1940–, U.S. congresswoman, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (2007–11, 2019–), b. Baltimore as Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro. The daughter of Thomas J. D'Alesandro, Jr., who served as Baltimore's mayor and a congressman, she moved to California, where she became active in the Democratic party. In 1987 she was was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in a special election. A liberal from San Francisco, she became minority whip in 2001 and succeeded Dick GephardtGephardt, Dick
(Richard Andrew Gephardt) , 1941–, U.S. congressman (1977–2005), b. St. Louis. A lawyer, he was first elected to the House of Representatives as a Democrat from Missouri in 1976.
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 as minority leader in 2003, becoming the first woman to hold high-ranking leadership positions in the U.S. Congress. Democratic victories in the 2006 and 2008 congressional elections led to her election as speaker; she became the first woman to hold the post. After the Democrats lost their majority in 2010, Pelosi again was minority leader (2011–19); she again became speaker after the 2018 and 2020 elections.

Bibliography

See biographies by E. S. Povich (2008) and M. Ball (2020).

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