Pemba


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Pemba

(pām`bə), island (2012 pop. 223,033), c.380 sq mi (980 sq km), NE Tanzania, in the Indian Ocean just off the E African mainland. Pemba is part of the semiautonomous archipelago of Zanzibar within Tanzania, and is divided into two regions. Wete, Chake Chake, and Mkoani are the island's main towns. The lush island is the world's leading producer of cloves. Coconuts are also exported, and fishing is an important industry. Many of the inhabitants of Pemba are partly descended from traders from the Persian Gulf region who settled on the island beginning in the 10th cent. The Portuguese occupied the island in the 16th cent. but were displaced by Omani Arabs in 1698. In 1822 the island was conquered by Sayyid Said (later the sultan of Zanzibar) from the rulers of Mombasa. As part of the sultanate of Zanzibar, Pemba passed under British rule in 1890. The sultanate became independent in 1963. After the sultan was overthrown, a republic was formed, which joined with Tanganyika in 1964 to form Tanzania.

Pemba

 

a coral island in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa; separated from the mainland by Pemba Channel. Area, 984 sq km; population, 164,200 (1967). Pemba is part of Tanzania. The island has elevations to 99 m. The climate is equatorial and monsoonal, with an annual precipitation reaching 1,000 mm. Clove trees and coconut palms are cultivated. Pemba’s principal city is Chake Chake.

Pemba

an island in the Indian Ocean, off the E coast of Africa north of Zanzibar: part of Tanzania; produces most of the world's cloves. Chief town: Chake Chake. Pop.: 362 166 (2002). Area: 984 sq. km (380 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
With 30 villas and an intimate atmosphere, it gives pride to the beauty of Pemba and its inhabitants.
Palma, Pemba and the other cities will evolve from poor fishing villages to becoming the bases for a complex system housing one of the world's largest gas export schemes.
Whereas Kunga has embarked, against his young will, on the monastic path and becomes an unconventional Buddhist monk, Rinzing studies medicine in British India and becomes one of the first Tibetan modern doctors, like Pemba himself.
The islands are situated off the eastern coast of Tanzania mainland (Unguja about 40 km and Pemba 60 km) (18).
By way of background, Zanzibar is a coastal region of Tanzania and consists of two major islands, Pemba and Unguja.
Tomorrow, the Colne Valley men will present a charity concert called Raising Hope, in aid of a children's mission in Pemba Mozambique where Ruth Donaldson the daughter of a past choir chairman has worked for three years.
Mozambique: Mozambique s ruling party Frelimo kicked off its 10th congress in the northern town of Pemba on Sunday.
Dr Tsewang Yishey Pemba, who has died aged 79 in Siliguri, northeast India, could claim many firsts.
Pemba and Prince Alden are two giant rats from opposite universes with one charge in common: They must leave their homes to seek out an experience known as the magical moment.
Summary: A ferry carrying more than 500 passengers from Zanzibar to Pemba island off Tanzania has sunk and hundreds of people are missing.
Stone Town, Shawwal 12, 1432, Sep 10, 2011, SPA -- Nearly 200 people drowned when an overloaded ferry capsized off east Africa as it sailed from Zanzibar to Pemba island, police said on Saturday.
It is the only book on the market describing and illustrating all of the birds found in Africa south of the Sahara Desert (the Afrotropic Region), including Socota, Pemba, and the islands of Gulf of Guinea.