Pemba


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Pemba

(pām`bə), island (2012 pop. 223,033), c.380 sq mi (980 sq km), NE Tanzania, in the Indian Ocean just off the E African mainland. Pemba is part of the semiautonomous archipelago of Zanzibar within Tanzania, and is divided into two regions. Wete, Chake Chake, and Mkoani are the island's main towns. The lush island is the world's leading producer of cloves. Coconuts are also exported, and fishing is an important industry. Many of the inhabitants of Pemba are partly descended from traders from the Persian Gulf region who settled on the island beginning in the 10th cent. The Portuguese occupied the island in the 16th cent. but were displaced by Omani Arabs in 1698. In 1822 the island was conquered by Sayyid Said (later the sultan of Zanzibar) from the rulers of Mombasa. As part of the sultanate of Zanzibar, Pemba passed under British rule in 1890. The sultanate became independent in 1963. After the sultan was overthrown, a republic was formed, which joined with Tanganyika in 1964 to form Tanzania.

Pemba

 

a coral island in the Indian Ocean, off the eastern coast of Africa; separated from the mainland by Pemba Channel. Area, 984 sq km; population, 164,200 (1967). Pemba is part of Tanzania. The island has elevations to 99 m. The climate is equatorial and monsoonal, with an annual precipitation reaching 1,000 mm. Clove trees and coconut palms are cultivated. Pemba’s principal city is Chake Chake.

Pemba

an island in the Indian Ocean, off the E coast of Africa north of Zanzibar: part of Tanzania; produces most of the world's cloves. Chief town: Chake Chake. Pop.: 362 166 (2002). Area: 984 sq. km (380 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Pemba, said to be in "remarkably good shape", later told emergency crews that in the 24 hours before his rescue he had heard voices of other trapped people.
So in its 2011 report, Zacpo called for the privatisation of the oil distillery in Pemba to pave the way for industrial and commercial production of essential oils and increase Zanzibar's share in the global oil markets.
Tumbe, named after a modern village nearby, sits on a bluff overlooking Micheweni Bay with easy access to the sea, Pemba Channel and the mainland coast (Figure 2).
With regard to Pemba, Salum Ali Mselem, like many other informants of this study, raises the issue of religion as the main factor of the parental refusal.
Contrary to earlier expectations that the Pemba congress would designate a new party leader, Frelimo s top brass announced this month they would put forward only one candidate for the post: Guebuza.
Cloves were introduced in 1818, and flourished in the tropical climate and fertile soil of the western areas of both Zanzibar and Pemba.
Zanzibar Police Commissioner Mussa Alli Mussa said: "The ship's manifest shows that the vessel travelling from Unguja to Pemba islands had more than 500 passengers on board.
It is the only book on the market describing and illustrating all of the birds found in Africa south of the Sahara Desert (the Afrotropic Region), including Socota, Pemba, and the islands of Gulf of Guinea.
Meanwhile, Pemba Lama aka 'Yakche', a notorious poacher found guilty of killing 20 rhinos will be freed on bail next month after serving five years of his jail-term.
Mukhopadhyaya, Scientist C, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), Kolkata, participated in the Meeting "To Appraise Quality Control and Quality Assurances on Current Practices in Laboratories, at Pemba and Unguja in Zanzibar (January 11-16, 2010).
The trio - Pemba Dorje, aged 31, Nima Gyalzen, 23, and Phurba Tenzing, 20 - boarded a plane in Katmandu, Nepal's capital, and flew to a small airport on the foothills of Everest.
Ali makes a welcome addition to the family for older sister Pemba, two.