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d. 654, king of Mercia (c.632–654). A noble of the Mercian royal house, he fought (629) the king of Wessex for lands along the Severn River. He then allied himself with Cadwallon of Wales, defeated (632) EdwinEdwin
or Eadwin
, 585?–632, king of Northumbria (616–32), The son and heir of Ælla, king of Deira, he was kept from his inheritance by Æthelfrith.
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 of Northumbria, and made himself king of Mercia. A great fighting king, he was the central figure in the history of Anglo-Saxon England for nearly a generation thereafter. He defeated and killed (641) OswaldOswald, Saint,
d. 641, king of Northumbria (633–41), son of Æthelfrith. In exile during the reign of Edwin, Oswald and his brother Oswy became Christians. After Edwin's death Oswald defeated (633) Cadwallon, king of North Wales, and recovered his father's kingdom.
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 of Northumbria and extended his power over Wessex and East Anglia. His Greater Mercia included all the Midlands. However, he still had an enemy in the new king of Northumbria, OswyOswy
or Oswiu
, d. 670, king of Northumbria. He succeeded (641) his brother Oswald in Bernicia only, Deira (the other part of Northumbria) having become a dependency of Mercia.
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; Penda attacked him in 654 and was killed in the battle. Penda himself remained heathen, but at the time of his son Peada's marriage he consented to that son's Christian baptism. Eight of Penda's descendants ruled Mercia, beginning with his son Wulfhere.
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"It has the impact of scaring people and reminding them of [immigration] raids and other kinds of law enforcement that have been targeted toward these communities," Penda D.
Then there are Piyo and Penda, the male and female duo frequently depicted in yarn (who, when they are in the Dobrich region, change their names to Deshak and Racho).
Some of the categories and winners include: Grand Award--Sabic Innovative Plastics & Flint Hills Resources, Lamko, Faurecia and Ford Motor for a Mucell instrument panel; Body exterior--Asahi Kasei Plastics North America, Cavalier Tool & Mfg., Tooling Technology LLC, Penda, Evco Plastics and River Bend Industries for a ram box assembly; Body interior--Washington Penn, Advanced Mold Engineering, Flex-O-Lators Div.
The resurgent kings of Mercia - Penda and Peada and their ilk - chose as their capitals Tamworth and Lichfield, and did not need or want another power base on their borders.
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