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d. 654, king of Mercia (c.632–654). A noble of the Mercian royal house, he fought (629) the king of Wessex for lands along the Severn River. He then allied himself with Cadwallon of Wales, defeated (632) EdwinEdwin
or Eadwin
, 585?–632, king of Northumbria (616–32), The son and heir of Ælla, king of Deira, he was kept from his inheritance by Æthelfrith.
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 of Northumbria, and made himself king of Mercia. A great fighting king, he was the central figure in the history of Anglo-Saxon England for nearly a generation thereafter. He defeated and killed (641) OswaldOswald, Saint,
d. 641, king of Northumbria (633–41), son of Æthelfrith. In exile during the reign of Edwin, Oswald and his brother Oswy became Christians. After Edwin's death Oswald defeated (633) Cadwallon, king of North Wales, and recovered his father's kingdom.
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 of Northumbria and extended his power over Wessex and East Anglia. His Greater Mercia included all the Midlands. However, he still had an enemy in the new king of Northumbria, OswyOswy
or Oswiu
, d. 670, king of Northumbria. He succeeded (641) his brother Oswald in Bernicia only, Deira (the other part of Northumbria) having become a dependency of Mercia.
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; Penda attacked him in 654 and was killed in the battle. Penda himself remained heathen, but at the time of his son Peada's marriage he consented to that son's Christian baptism. Eight of Penda's descendants ruled Mercia, beginning with his son Wulfhere.
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References in periodicals archive ?
was King Oswald of Northumbria killed by Penda of Mercia? remember when ...
THE STAFFORDSHIRE HOARD: A BRIEF HISTORY Early 7th Century - King Penda of Mercia defeats two Northumberland kings as he battles the spread of Christianity.
Edwin was killed in battle in 633 by the kings Penda of Mercia and Cadwalla of Wales, and Aethelburh and her chaplain Bishop Paulinus fled with the Northumbrian crown jewels.
In 633 he returned to Northumbria and defeated his pagan enemies led by Penda of Mercia at a battle near Hadrian's Wall.
The royal site was twice destroyed by fire, possibly as the result of attacks by King Penda of Mercia (around modern-day Derbyshire) and King Cadwallon, from North Wales.
In 642, the old Northumbrian enemy, King Penda of Mercia, gathered a large united Welsh and Mercian force against Oswald, who was killed in the ensuing battle.
Oswald was killed in battle against Penda of Mercia.
But he was killed in battle against King Penda of Mercia, who with the help of the Welsh king Cadwallon defeated the Northumbrians, and there is clear evidence that the palace site was put to the torch.