Penicillium


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Related to Penicillium: Penicillium marneffei

Penicillium

 

a genus of Fungi Imperfecti whose ascigerous stage is classified in the order Plectascales. From the vegetative mycelium of members of the genus Penicillium emerge conidio-phores that branch out into racemules at the apex, where chains of colored, unicellular spores, or conidia, are produced. The genus contains approximately 250 species, which are widely distributed in the soil. Fungi of the genus Penicillium induce spoilage in foodstuffs and take part in the decomposition of plant and animal tissue. As do other species of fungi, they form molds. Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium notatum are used in the preparation of penicillin, while Penicillium camemberti and Penicillium roqueforti are widely used in cheese-making.

References in periodicals archive ?
Penicillium marneffei infection and impaired IFN-g immunity in humans with autosomal-dominant gain-of-phosphorylation STAT1 mutations.
flavus and Penicillium peniculosum have indicated degradation process of plastic while experimented by some scholar as microbial biodegradation agent.
Penicillium crustosum is commonly used for producing penitrem A (15), and P.
The following fungi can be considered as characteristic for marine conditions: Blastabotrys nivea (the frequency of detection 21%), Fusarium solani (19%), Chaetomium globosum (16%), Penicillium atramentosum (16%), Acremonium murorum (14%), Diplococcum spicatum (14%), Chrysosporium pannicola (13%), Penicillium mirczynskii (11%).
An additional isolate was tested as a reference--a Penicillium species isolated from moldy bread.
BLOOM: A flavor-producing edible growth of white Penicillium mold that covers the cheese rind (crust) and is harmless.
2 shows the results of the macro-colony assay, in which agar blocks with Penicillium macro-colonies were placed on agar plates on which L.
Mikotoksinler; Aspergillus, Penicillium, Alternaria ve Fusarium gibi kuflerin belirli nem ve isi kosullarinda olusturduklari toksik metabolitlerdir.
The two most common molds at the tannery were Penicillium followed by Aspergillus.
0 secreted by filamentous fungi were observed in Aspergillus dimorphicus UFLA671, Penicillium fellutanum UFLA309 and Fusarium solani UFLA359, with 20.
The most commonly known types of household molds are Cladosporium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, Alternaria, and Mucor.
Petersson e Schnurer (1998) relataram a acao antagonica de Pichia anomala sobre o desenvolvimento de Penicillium roqueforti em centeio, trigo e cevada armazenados em condicoes inadequadas de umidade e observaram que a levedura foi capaz de inibir totalmente o crescimento do fungo a uma concentracao celular de 5 x [10.