Penicillium

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Related to Penicillium citrinum: Penicillium rubrum, Penicillium islandicum
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Penicillium

 

a genus of Fungi Imperfecti whose ascigerous stage is classified in the order Plectascales. From the vegetative mycelium of members of the genus Penicillium emerge conidio-phores that branch out into racemules at the apex, where chains of colored, unicellular spores, or conidia, are produced. The genus contains approximately 250 species, which are widely distributed in the soil. Fungi of the genus Penicillium induce spoilage in foodstuffs and take part in the decomposition of plant and animal tissue. As do other species of fungi, they form molds. Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium notatum are used in the preparation of penicillin, while Penicillium camemberti and Penicillium roqueforti are widely used in cheese-making.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
TABLA I PORCENTAJE DE GENEROS DE HONGOS AISLADOS DE LAS MUESTRAS DE ALIMENTOS CONCENTRADOS PARA PERROS Y GATOS Genero N Porcentaje (%) Aspergillus 26 37,14 Penicillium 17 24,29 Fusarium 12 17,14 Cladosporium 8 11,43 Acremonium 3 4,29 Eurotium 2 2,86 Mucor 2 2,86 Total 70 100 TABLA II FRECUENCIA DE AISLAMIENTO DE ESPECIES FUNGICAS EN ALIMENTOS CONCENTRADOS PARA PERROS Y GATOS Tipo de mascota Marca del Especies fungicas N (%) alimento Perros 1 Penicillium expansum 1 (1,43) 2 Penicillium expansum 4 (5,71) Aspergillus flavus 8 (11,43) Cladosporium herbarum 3 (4,29) Aspergillus fumigatus 4 (5,71) 3 Fusarium poae 4 (5,71) Aspergillus flavus 7 (10,00) Acremonium charticola 2 (2,86) Acremonium charticola 1 (1,43) 4 Aspergillus terreus 4 (5,71) Penicillium citrinum 12 (17,14) Gatos 1 Mucor sp.
Bacillus subtilis, and Penicillium citrinum, it was salso revealed that survival fraction declines exponentially with ozone dose increase (Li-& Wang, 2003).
(1) 3MLLC5, Penicillium citrinum (14) 4MCMC16, Penicillium citrinum (1) 4MCMC4, Aspergillus niger (1) 4MCMC8, Aspergillus ochraceus 3MCMC3, Trichoderma viride (1) 4MCMC1, Syncephalastrum racemosum (2) 4MCMC10.
Penicillium verdicatum, Penicillium citrinum, Penicillium aurantiogriseum and Penicillium waksmani.
(2001) reported that the addition of eugenol at 200[micro]L m[L.sup.-1] prevented the production of citrinin, a toxin produced by Penicillium citrinum, in cheese Arzua Ulloa.
The antifungal activity of the hops extract was evalutted against Aspergillus niger (ATCC 9029), Aspergillus flavus (PTCC5006), Penicillium citrinum (ATCC 38065), Penicillium.
Several other fungal xylanases have been reported to show optimum activity at 50[degrees]C like Penicillium citrinum (Dutta et al., 2007), Aspergillussydowii (Nair et al., 2008), Penicillium sp (Murthy and Naidu 2010).
Park et al., (2005) have used dichloran 18% glycerol agar and dichloran rose Bengal chloramphenicol agar (DRBC) for mycoflora analysis and isolated Penicillium citrinum, Aspergillus candidus and Fusarium proliferatum in high frequency.