Penicillium

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Penicillium

 

a genus of Fungi Imperfecti whose ascigerous stage is classified in the order Plectascales. From the vegetative mycelium of members of the genus Penicillium emerge conidio-phores that branch out into racemules at the apex, where chains of colored, unicellular spores, or conidia, are produced. The genus contains approximately 250 species, which are widely distributed in the soil. Fungi of the genus Penicillium induce spoilage in foodstuffs and take part in the decomposition of plant and animal tissue. As do other species of fungi, they form molds. Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium notatum are used in the preparation of penicillin, while Penicillium camemberti and Penicillium roqueforti are widely used in cheese-making.

References in periodicals archive ?
Andrianopoulos, "HgrA is necessary and sufficient to drive hyphal growth in the dimorphic pathogen Penicillium marneffei," Molecular Microbiology, vol.
[31.] Vanittanakom N., Cooper C.R., Fisher M.C., Sirisanthana T.: Penicillium marneffei infection and recent advances in the epidemiology and molecular biology aspects.
Serological surveillance for Penicillium marneffei infection in HIV-infected patients during 2004-2011 in Guangzhou, China.
Gupta et al (8) reported the first case of IRIS associated with Penicillium marneffei infection in an adult patient hailing from Manipur and perhaps this is the second case of IRIS associated with Penicillium marneffei infection from India.
Differential cytokine pattern in the spleens and livers of BALB/c mice infected with Penicillium marneffei: Protective role of gamma interferon.
Penicillium marneffei, an important OI accounts for 5(5%) of the study population though it was the third most common OI in South East Asia after TB and Cryptococcus's as reported by Singh PN et at.
Redefining AIDS: case exemplified by Penicillium marneffei infection in HIV-infected people in Hong Kong.
However, without sufficient experience, one could misidentify Blastomyces dermatidis, Candida glabrata, Cryptococcus neoformans, Penicillium marneffei, Leishmania spp., Pneumocystis jirovecii, or Toxoplasma gondii as H.
Different patients were infected with different strains, indicating that spread of strains (intercontinental or within this island), as with Penicillium marneffei (another emerging pathogen in Taiwan), did not occur (23).