Penicillium

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Penicillium

 

a genus of Fungi Imperfecti whose ascigerous stage is classified in the order Plectascales. From the vegetative mycelium of members of the genus Penicillium emerge conidio-phores that branch out into racemules at the apex, where chains of colored, unicellular spores, or conidia, are produced. The genus contains approximately 250 species, which are widely distributed in the soil. Fungi of the genus Penicillium induce spoilage in foodstuffs and take part in the decomposition of plant and animal tissue. As do other species of fungi, they form molds. Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium notatum are used in the preparation of penicillin, while Penicillium camemberti and Penicillium roqueforti are widely used in cheese-making.

References in periodicals archive ?
Penicillium marneffei infection and recent advances in the epidemiology and molecular biology aspects.
Occurrence of Penicillium marneffei infections among wild bamboo rats in Thailand.
Chronic pulmonary penicilliosis due to Penicillium marneffei : Late presentation in a french traveler.
Infection caused by Penicillium marneffei : Description of first natural infection in man.
Penicillium marneffei fungaemia in an allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipient.
Serological surveillance for Penicillium marneffei infection in HIV-infected patients during 2004-2011 in Guangzhou, China.
Gupta et al (8) reported the first case of IRIS associated with Penicillium marneffei infection in an adult patient hailing from Manipur and perhaps this is the second case of IRIS associated with Penicillium marneffei infection from India.
Penicillium marneffei, an important OI accounts for 5(5%) of the study population though it was the third most common OI in South East Asia after TB and Cryptococcus's as reported by Singh PN et at.
64(62%) followed by sexual transmission 31(30%) tuberculosis was the most common opportunistic infection 40(38%) cases including extra pulmonary tuberculosis 16(15%) cases, followed by oral candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis herpes zoster 14(14%), penicillium marneffei 5(5%), cerebral toxoplasmosis 5(5%), cryptosporidial diarhoea (C.
A controlled trial of Itraconazole to prevent relapse of Penicillium marneffei infection in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.
Disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection among HIV-infected patients in Manipur State, India.
Redefining AIDS: case exemplified by Penicillium marneffei infection in HIV-infected people in Hong Kong.