Penicillium

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Related to Penicillium marneffei: penicillin, histoplasmosis, Aspergillus fumigatus, Sporothrix schenckii

Penicillium

 

a genus of Fungi Imperfecti whose ascigerous stage is classified in the order Plectascales. From the vegetative mycelium of members of the genus Penicillium emerge conidio-phores that branch out into racemules at the apex, where chains of colored, unicellular spores, or conidia, are produced. The genus contains approximately 250 species, which are widely distributed in the soil. Fungi of the genus Penicillium induce spoilage in foodstuffs and take part in the decomposition of plant and animal tissue. As do other species of fungi, they form molds. Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium notatum are used in the preparation of penicillin, while Penicillium camemberti and Penicillium roqueforti are widely used in cheese-making.

References in periodicals archive ?
Penicillium marneffei fungaemia in an allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipient.
Clinical presentations and outcomes of Penicillium marneffei infections: a series from 1994 to 2004.
Serological surveillance for Penicillium marneffei infection in HIV-infected patients during 2004-2011 in Guangzhou, China.
Immune restoration syndrome with disseminated Penicillium marneffei and cytomegalovirus co-infections in an AIDS patient.
A controlled trial of Itraconazole to prevent relapse of Penicillium marneffei infection in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.
Disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection among HIV-infected patients in Manipur State, India.
Indigenous disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection in the state of Manipur, India:Report of four autochthonous cases.
Redefining AIDS: case exemplified by Penicillium marneffei infection in HIV-infected people in Hong Kong.
Disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection with fungemia and endobronchial disease in an AIDS patient in China.
2 (22) Escherichia coli 1 (11) Fungi 13 (22) Cryptococcus neoformans 6 (46) Penicillium marneffei 5 (38) Histoplasma capsulatum 1 (8) Non-albicans Candida spp.