Pennsylvania Railroad


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Pennsylvania Railroad,

former U.S. transportation company; inc. 1846 by the Pennsylvania legislature. It opened in 1854 as a single-track line between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Beginning in 1857, the company purchased many railroads, most notably the Allegheny Portage RR, that were owned and operated by the state of Pennsylvania. During the Civil War the Pennsylvania RR played an important role in the Union war effort. In the last decades of the 1800s, especially under the presidency of Thomas A. Scott (1874–80), the railroad rapidly extended its operations between the East Coast and the Mississippi River and between the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Potomac rivers. In 1910 a tunnel under the Hudson River allowed the railroad to reach its new terminal in New York City, known in the mid-1900s as the world's busiest rail station. The Pennsylvania RR introduced many innovations to railroading, including air conditioning, electrification, and the practice of loading truck-trailers on flat cars. In 1968, after a long legal battle that reached the U.S. Supreme Court, the Pennsylvania RR merged with the New York Central RR to form the Penn Central CompanyPenn Central Company,
former U.S. transportation company, formed in 1968 by the merger of the New York Central RR and the Pennsylvania RR. By the early 1970s the railroad was bankrupt; in 1976 the U.S.
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Bibliography

See J. C. Van Horne and E. E. Drelick, Traveling the Pennsylvania Railroad (2002).

References in classic literature ?
Colonel Scott was the President of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and therefore a man of the highest prestige in the city.
With financial help from Andrew Carnegie and other wealthy associates, Vanderbilt began building the South Pennsylvania Railroad parallel to the Pennsy line in western Pennsylvania.
After he was laid off from the Pennsylvania Railroad, Yates, whose wife was pregnant with their second child, began a fruitless pilgrimage looking for any kind of job, joining the lines of unemployed who suddenly filled the streets of Chicago.
The New York Central Railroad, which owned Grand Central at the time, merged with the Pennsylvania Railroad to avoid bankruptcy in 1968.
By the 1860s the first billion-dollar company, the Pennsylvania Railroad, had taken virtual control of its home state legislature.
One of the smallest cities (1880 population: 19,710) ever to field a major league baseball team, Altoona was founded in 1849 and served as the headquarters and railroad hub of the Pennsylvania Railroad. (3) In 1854 the celebrated Horseshoe Curve, just west of Altoona, was completed, reducing travel time between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh from three to four days to a mere 15 hours.
Our Victorian house would have overlooked the actual spot had the Pennsylvania railroad tracks, often bearing troop trains in those days, not come between.
It was built for eternity, but the old Penn Station would last just over 50 years, a victim of the financial woes of its parent company, the Pennsylvania Railroad. When the station was built in 1910, the railroad was one of the wealthiest and most prestigious companies in the country, but decades of economic recession and technological advances led to a financial tailspin.
Andy's abilities were soon noticed by a customer named Thomas Scott--who happened to be the general superintendent for the Pennsylvania Railroad's western division.
Edgar Thomson, Pennsylvania Railroad president and future Carnegie associate, sent Palmer, a protege, west in 1867 to find potential coalfields for his Kansas Pacific Railroad.
An introduction provides an overview of 19th century Canton railroad development while subsequent chapters discuss the different railway lines which serviced the region during the 19th and 20th centuries, including Pennsylvania Railroad, Conrail, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway, and the Ohio Central Railroad System.
If built, Amtrak's tunnels would join NJ Transit's planned Access to the Region's Core tunnels, on which minor construction has begun on the New Jersey side, and the current tunnels built by the Pennsylvania Railroad 100 years ago and used by commuter and Amtrak trains.

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