Pennsylvania Railroad


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Pennsylvania Railroad,

former U.S. transportation company; inc. 1846 by the Pennsylvania legislature. It opened in 1854 as a single-track line between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Beginning in 1857, the company purchased many railroads, most notably the Allegheny Portage RR, that were owned and operated by the state of Pennsylvania. During the Civil War the Pennsylvania RR played an important role in the Union war effort. In the last decades of the 1800s, especially under the presidency of Thomas A. Scott (1874–80), the railroad rapidly extended its operations between the East Coast and the Mississippi River and between the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Potomac rivers. In 1910 a tunnel under the Hudson River allowed the railroad to reach its new terminal in New York City, known in the mid-1900s as the world's busiest rail station. The Pennsylvania RR introduced many innovations to railroading, including air conditioning, electrification, and the practice of loading truck-trailers on flat cars. In 1968, after a long legal battle that reached the U.S. Supreme Court, the Pennsylvania RR merged with the New York Central RR to form the Penn Central CompanyPenn Central Company,
former U.S. transportation company, formed in 1968 by the merger of the New York Central RR and the Pennsylvania RR. By the early 1970s the railroad was bankrupt; in 1976 the U.S.
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Bibliography

See J. C. Van Horne and E. E. Drelick, Traveling the Pennsylvania Railroad (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
13 May 1944, Record Group (RG) 1810, Pennsylvania Railroad Collection, Hagley Museum and Library (hereafter, HML), box 863, folder 14; "Number of Female Employes [sic] on the Pennsylvania Railroad System in 1938"; E.
In the late 1880s, the Philadelphia native opened The Grand Depot on the grounds of a former Pennsylvania Railroad depot.
After having a number of menial jobs he became a divisional superintendent on the Pennsylvania Railroad.
When Ivy Lee returned from London to the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1912, they were ready to listen to his counsel.
For example, the Pennsylvania Railroad pension plan, begun in 1903 for less than $300,000, cost $3.
And a similar situation exists today on the Western New York & Pennsylvania Railroad, (WNYP) where BLET is negotiating its first contract since gaining bargaining rights for the engineers and trainmen on that railroad.
US historians, who unearthed his body near a Pennsylvania railroad, will attend the funeral in Ardara.
Jack' Thayer III, a 17-year-old heir to a Pennsylvania railroad fortune, was one of the few people who lived to tell the tale of the 'unsinkable' ship's fate.
Since its opening in 1928, Suburban Square has been the premier commercial property anchoring the "Main Line", a string of charming, affluent towns located west of Philadelphia, along the original main line of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company (PRR), built during the 1830s.
They bought a few shares of Pennsylvania Railroad, Madison Square Garden and AT&T.
The Pennsylvania Railroad, which already dominated Harrisburg's freight transportation, moved into car manufacture.
Princeton's president John Grier Hibben notified the Pennsylvania Railroad that his undergraduates were "ready to serve," and that full academic credit would be given for strikebreaking.

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