pennyroyal(redirected from Pennyrile)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
pennyroyal,name for two similar plants of the family Labiatae (mintmint,
in botany, common name for members of the Labiatae, a large family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs. Several species are shrubby or climbing forms or, rarely, small trees.
..... Click the link for more information. family), usually distinguished as true, or European, pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium) and American, or mock, pennyroyal (Hedeoma pulegioides). Both have small bluish or purplish flowers in the leaf axils. The European pennyroyal is perennial and prostrate; the American is annual with numerous erect branches. Both contain a pungent oil said to be repellent to insects, especially fleas. The oil, obtained chiefly from the American pennyroyal, is used medicinally. Pennyroyal tea was an old domestic remedy. Other species of Hedeoma are sometimes called pennyroyal, but the false and bastard pennyroyals are different plants. Pennyroyals are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Lamiales, family Labiatae.
In mint family. The plant can be consumed fresh or as a tea but NOT the essential oil, which is highly toxic. Used as insect repellant. Tea has same properties as other plants in mint family. Increases digestive juices, decreases gas and digestive issues, respiratory infections, gout, worms, menstruation, eczema, antiseptic. Do not take if pregnant.
1. a Eurasian plant, Mentha pulegium, with hairy leaves and small mauve flowers, that yields an aromatic oil used in medicine: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2. a similar and related plant, Hedeoma pulegioides, of E North America