Penobscot


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Penobscot

(pənŏb`skŏt), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). They were the largest group of the AbnakiAbnaki
or Abenaki
, Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The name Abnaki was given to them by the French; properly it should be Wabanaki,
..... Click the link for more information.
 Confederacy and resembled the other members culturally. In the early 17th cent. they inhabited the region around Penobscot Bay and the Penobscot River in Maine. A French mission was established among them in 1688 on the site of the present city of Bangor. The Penobscot were active in all the New England frontier wars, generally supporting the French, until 1749, when a peace treaty with the English put an end to their hostilities. The treaty created ill feeling with other Abnaki peoples, who remained firm supporters of the French. In 1750 the Penobscot numbered some 700. The assistance that the Penobscot gave the colonists in the American Revolution gained for them a reservation at Old Town, Maine. In 1990 there were some 2,400 Penobscot in the United States.

Bibliography

See F. G. Speck, Penobscot Man (1940, repr. 1970) and Penobscot Shamanism (1919, repr. 1974); P. Anastas, Glooskap's Children; Encounters with the Penobscot Indians of Maine (1973).


Penobscot

(pənŏb`skŏt), river, 350 mi (563 km) long, rising in numerous lakes in central Maine and flowing generally east in four branches, uniting, then flowing S into Penobscot BayPenobscot Bay,
inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, 35 mi (56 km) long and 27 mi (43 km) wide, S Maine. The bay was entered by the English explorer Martin Pring in 1603; the French explorer Samuel de Champlain claimed the area for France in 1604.
..... Click the link for more information.
; longest river in Maine. The river, navigable to BangorBangor
, city (1990 pop. 33,181), seat of Penobscot co., S Maine, at the confluence of the Penobscot and Kenduskeag rivers; inc. as a town 1791, as a city 1834. It is a port of entry, commercial center, and gateway to an extensive resort and lumber region.
..... Click the link for more information.
, is an important source of power; several miles north of its mouth the river is crossed by the Penobscot Narrows Bridge and Observatory. The Penobscot's upper course is in a wooded region famous for hunting, fishing, and canoeing, and its lower regions are gradually recovering from heavy lumbering. The Penobscot was first explored by the English voyager Martin Pring in 1603; in 1604 the French explorer Samuel de ChamplainChamplain, Samuel de
, 1567–1635, French explorer, the chief founder of New France.

After serving in France under Henry of Navarre (King Henry IV) in the religious wars, Champlain was given command of a Spanish fleet sailing to the West Indies, Mexico, and the
..... Click the link for more information.
 sailed up the course of the river.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hugh, 48, has been a volunteer fire fighter with the town of Penobscot for over 15 years, serving at different times as Training Officer and Lieutenant.
Greenburg's strength as a researcher and lawyer familiar with the conflicting ''Rashomon''-like points of view that bedevil historians reveals itself in his account of Revere's role during the Penobscot Expedition, especially the key chapter ''What's Become of Colonel Revere?
At one time, the Penobscot River supported large populations of spawning shortnose and Atlantic sturgeon.
The sale to the Penobscot River Restoration Trust originated in June 2004, when PPL agreed with a coalition of environmental groups, government agencies and the Penobscot Indian Nation on a settlement agreement that would provide the trust with the option to buy three of PPL's other hydroelectric dams.
Verizon Wireless, a US mobile network operator and a joint venture between Verizon Communications (NYSE:VZ) and Vodafone (NYSE:VOD) (LSE:VOD), has activated a new cell site in Penobscot County, Maine, USA.
A series of hydroelectric dams built on the Penobscot caused many changes in the river's health.
A captivating story about a young Penobscot, Louis Francis Sockalexis, who was suddenly thrust into mainstream America's national pastime; major league baseball.
We in Maine were surprised to learn that the beautiful Penobscot Narrows Bridge runs between Bangor and Brewer ("Bad Vibrations," SN: 11/24/07,p.
A number of years ago, my soon-to-be brother-in-law, his entourage, and I celebrated his bachelor's party with an exhilarating multiday white-water rafting trip along the Penobscot River deep in the wilds of Maine.
Every week on Penobscot Bay, off Maine s spectacular granite coast, the 14 tall ships in the Maine Windjammer Association provide cruises that transport passengers back to the golden age of sailing where deadlines and itineraries take a back seat to relaxation and beauty.
A four-page index links Maine women to the Underground Railroad, Shakers, Penobscot Indians, suffrage, and the Audubon Society.
Since Penobscot Bay Press publishes three small, community newspapers (total circulation 6,000), I was intrigued and appalled by the article on small-town papers on Page 16.