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Pensacola(pĕnsəkō`lə), city (1990 pop. 58,165), seat of Escambia co., extreme NW Fla., on Pensacola Bay; inc. 1822. It is a port of entry with a natural harbor and shipping and fishing industries. A manufacturing center of W Florida, the city has industries that produce synthetic fibers, chemicals, and naval stores. The Spanish established a short-lived settlement (1559–61) there; in 1698 a new Spanish colony was founded. Between 1719 and 1723 possession of Pensacola shifted between the Spanish and the French, but in 1763 the city passed to the British. It again became Spanish in 1783, after its capture (1781) by Bernardo de Gálvez. Although still Spanish, the city served as a British base in the War of 1812 until it was captured (1814) by Andrew JacksonJackson, Andrew,
1767–1845, 7th President of the United States (1829–37), b. Waxhaw settlement on the border of South Carolina and North Carolina (both states claim him). Early Career
A child of the backwoods, he was left an orphan at 14.
..... Click the link for more information. . The United States took formal possession in 1821 after the purchase of Florida, and Pensacola remained the capital of West Florida until 1822. During the Civil War the city was abandoned (1862) to Confederate forces. Much of the life of the city is related to the U.S. naval air station, established there in 1914. Eglin Air Force Base is nearby. The Univ. of West Florida is in Pensacola. Of interest are several historical museums and the naval-aviation museum at the air station. The ruins of a number of old forts, some dating from the 1780s, lie on the shores of Pensacola Bay. The eastern section of Gulf Islands National Seashore is there. The Pensacola area suffered extensive damage from Hurricane Ivan in 2004.
a city in the USA, in Florida, and port on the Gulf of Mexico. Population, 60,000; with suburbs, 243,000 (1970). Pensacola has textile, chemical, food-processing, and woodworking industries. There is fishing. The city was founded in 1559.
mountains on the western border of Eastern Antarctica, an extension of the Transantarctic Mountains in the area adjacent to the Filchner Ice Shelf. Length, approximately 400 km; elevations, to 2,000 m. Most of the mountains are under an ice sheet, above the surface of which rise only individual peaks (nunataks) and mountain ridges composed of Paleozoic and early Mesozoic carbonaceous and coal-bearing rocks. The Pensacola Mountains were discovered from the air in 1956 by a US expedition and were named after the city in Florida.