Pentapolis


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Pentapolis

(pĕntă`pəlĭs) [Gr.,=five cities], collective name anciently applied to several groups of five cities. The chief cities of CyrenaicaCyrenaica
, historic region, E Libya, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. Benghazi, Al Marj, Darnah, and Tobruk are the chief cities. The Greeks colonized N Cyrenaica in the 7th cent. B.C., founding numerous settlements. In the mid-1st cent. B.C.
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 on the northern coast of Africa (Apollonia, Arsinoë, Berenice, Cyrene, and Ptolemaïs) were thus called from the 4th cent. B.C. to the 7th cent. A.D. Other cities so named were Rimini, Ancona, Fano, Pesaro, and Senigallia on the Adriatic coast of Italy, where the term originated in the 5th cent. A.D. under Byzantine rule and continued to be used until the 11th cent. Other groups called Pentapolis were in Asia Minor and in Palestine.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In the south, the Pentapolis faded into Saharan tribal areas, including the pharaonic oracle of Ammonium.
Es cierto, sin embargo, que una visita episcopal a Pentapolis de Libia, posiblemente para impedir que los arrianos ganaran adeptos en la region, provoco a Arrio a cometer una imprudencia y provoco un nuevo cisma que enfurecio al emperador, quien emitio un edicto fulminante contra el a lo largo del ano 333.
Upon learning that he is still pursued, Pericles leaves Taursus and he is shipwrecked at the coast of Pentapolis, where he receives general acts of hospitality from the fishermen who gave him food.
It is a small city by modern standards, but in antiquity it was one of the principal cities in the Philistine Pentapolis. Located on the Mediterranean coast, Ashkelon has always occupied a strategic economic and political spot on the map.
For more concise accounts, see the entries Cyrene, Oea, Pentapolis and Tripolitania in The Oxford Classical Dictionary.
In speaking about Maximus's correspondence with Exarch Peter (for whom Maximus probably was not only a counselor on questions of dogma but also a spiritual authority--a kind of a spiritual father), one needs to keep in mind that later during his trial (655), Maximus was accused of having "single-handedly betrayed Egypt, Alexandria, Pentapolis, Tripolis and Africa to the Saracens." (7) It was alleged that in his letter he dissuaded Peter from resistance against the Saracens with the aim of weakening the power of Emperor Heraclius.
The cities of Oea, Leptis Magna and Sabata became known as Tripolis or "three cities," while Cyrene, Apollonia, Arsinoe, Barca, and Berenice (now Benghazi) were called Pentapolis or "five cities."
to trace, since the locations of the cities, most notably Pentapolis,