Pentheus


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Pentheus

(pĕn`thēəs), in Greek mythology, king of Thebes, son of Cadmus' daughter Agave. When Dionysus came to Thebes, Pentheus denied his divinity and tried to prevent his ecstatic rites. The women of Thebes, led by Agave, were driven mad by the offended god and tore Pentheus to pieces. The story is the subject of Euripides' Bacchae.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Penthesilea, queen of the Amazons, slain by Achilles; Pentheus, the unfortunate son of Agave who resisted the new cult of Dionysus and was torn to pieces by bacchant women among whom was his mother--the plot of Euripides' Bacchae.
The intoxicated figure of Dmitri Karamazov whom Eliot alludes to in The Waste Land is the Asiatic par excellence given his connection to Dionysus, the god of wine whose doubling in the eyes of Pentheus is in view of his being god and the devil, the primal "demiurge," a figure beyond the realm of opposites, who is simultaneously nothing and everything (Hesse 324).
The final terrible act was the sparagmos of King Pentheus by his own mother.
Refusing to believe in Dionysus, Pentheus spies on the wine-god's group of nocturnal female worshippers, the Maenads, who rend apart animals' flesh in the nighttime forest.
The dogs that know not their own master are mad dogs; the dogs of madness that tore Pentheus to pieces.
At the end of the play--and very unlike Pentheus in The Bacchae, who is physically ripped apart by his own mother and other celebrants of the god Dionysus--she triumphs over Jason, riding away with the bodies of her sons in a flying chariot, for she is almost a goddess, a granddaughter of the sun.
The history of the Academy is characterized as a wandering into a heterodox mixing with Stoicism and Aristotelianism: Plato's successors "did not hold fast to the original succession" ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), and, as a result of their betrayal, the founder suffered, like the mythical Pentheus, his body tortured, twisted, and divided.
Cook points out, "Threatened by a relatively mild version of the Bacchanalian violence about which he repeatedly expresses anxiety, most recently in Tetrachordon's Pentheus allusion, Milton also suffers the fate of Latona, who was refused a place on earth to bear her children and persecuted by Lycian rustics" (122).
A particularly dramatic story was told about the tragic poet Euripides, who had been accused by the comic poets of inventing new gods: he was supposedly torn apart by hunting dogs, much as in his drama the Bacchae the notoriously impious Pentheus was destroyed by women who had been driven insane by the god Dionysus.
Toxicity of insecticides to the citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella, and its parasitoids, Chrysocharis pentheus and Sympiesis striatipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).
Additions include an Attic red-figure cup by Douris, showing the gruesome death of Pentheus as he is torn limb from limb by the women of Thebes, a remarkable Roman bronze head of an athlete after a lost 4th-century BC original by Lysippos, and an Egyptian Old Kingdom funerary sculpture of an official and his family.
Dancing at Lughnasa is a partial adaptation of Euripides's Bacchae, which ends when the frenzied Maenads sacrifice to Dionysus by tearing King Pentheus to pieces, as Dionysus himself was once torn to pieces by Titans, 'their faces whitened with chalk'.