Clear-cell RCC cells are endowed with increased activity of the pentose
phosphate pathway (PPP).
It is especially helpful for discriminating between glucose metabolism through the oxidative and nonoxidative branches of the pentose
phosphate pathway (see sidebar, p.
Acetic acid, furfural and various hexose and pentose
sugars arise from reactions involving hemicellulose.
Glucose-6-phosphatase is the substrate for the pentose
phosphate pathway, yielding, both reducing power NADH, needed for the biosynthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol.
The product, glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), is the starting compound for glycogen synthesis, for the Embden-Meyerhof glycolytic pathway leading to lactate (glycolysis) or pyruvate and entry to the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and for the pentose
Furfural formation from raw material containing pentosans consists of two steps, the first step involves acid--catalysed hydrolysis, where the pentoses
chain are hydrolysed at high temperatures to monomeric pentose
in aqueous media .
The project goal is to develop and demonstrate an integrated biorefining process which includes the fermentation of both pentose
(C5) and glucose sugars (C6).
1) G6PD catalyzes the first oxidation reaction in the pentose
phosphate shunt, in which glucose-6-phosphate is dehydrogenated to 6-phosphogluconolactone with the concurrent reduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP).
Specific topics include parallel Monte Carlo simulation of HIV molecular evolution in response to immune surveillance, differential evolutionary algorithms for in vivo dynamic analysis of glycolysis and pentose
phosphate pathway in E.
, hexose, deoxyhexose, and other extractable monosaccharides concentrations ([micro]Lg/g soil, [+ or -] s.
The first 24 are the same map of glycogen[right arrow]glucose-6-phosphate[right arrow]pyruvate[right arrow]Krebs cycle with pentose
phosphate pathway and fatty acids.
Thiamine diphosphate serves as a coenzyme in the use of glucose, the pentose
shunt, and the citric acid cycle.