People's Charter

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People's Charter:

see ChartismChartism,
workingmen's political reform movement in Great Britain, 1838–48. It derived its name from the People's Charter, a document published in May, 1838, that called for voting by ballot, universal male suffrage, annual Parliaments, equal electoral districts, no
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People’s Charter


the basic program document of English Chartism.

The People’s Charter was drawn up by the leaders of the London Working Men’s Association, among whom was W. Lovett, and was published on May 8, 1838. It provided for universal male suffrage at age 21 without property qualification and a parliament annually elected by secret ballot that would have salaried members and constituencies of equal size. Had the British working class possessed a militant political organization, adoption of the People’s Charter would have opened the way to power for the proletariat, given the fact that workers made up the majority of the population. However, the Chartists themselves interpreted the document in different ways. The revolutionary wing looked on it as a means of destroying class rule by the bourgeoisie while socially liberating the working people. The most advanced leaders of Chartism, such as E. Jones, added a number of socialist demands to the charter in 1851. But the reformist element, which came to include Lovett himself, interpreted the People’s Charter in a spirit defined by petit bourgeois democratic ideals.


In P. W. Slosson. Chartistskoe dvizhenie iprichiny ego upadka. Moscow, 1923. (Translated from English.)


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The People's Charter is, of course, a wish-list and in this respect it provides a useful articulation of what CSOs interpret a people-oriented ASEAN to mean.
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Here he made himself the spokesman for his fellow tailors and in 1839, the year that the People's Charter was first presented to Parliament, he organized a tailors' strike and helped to set up the Metropolitan Tailors' Charter Association.
Local heritage campaigners have been fighting to save the building, which played a central part in the town's radical political history and was a focal point for local Chartists fighting for electoral reform under the banner of the People's Charter.
It was the People's Charter and the work of Christian Socialists during the 19th century which gave ordinary Scots the right to vote at Parliamentary elections and have a say in the way their lives were governed.
The six point People's Charter called for votes for all men, equal electoral districts, vote by ballot, annual Parliament, payment of MPs and the abolition of the property qualification for MPs.
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Second, to reassert a tradition of demands for constitutional rights in Britain, which stretches from the barons who forced the Magna Carta on King John, to the working men who drew up the People's Charter in 1838, to the women at the beginning of this century who demanded universal suffrage, Third, to salute the courage of those in Eastern Europe who still fight for their fundamental freedoms.

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