People's Court

Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

People’s Court


in the USSR, the court of first instance in a city district or in a city not subdivided into districts. The primary link in the court system, the people’s court hears all criminal and civil cases arising in a given territory, with the exception of cases assigned by law to the jurisdiction of other courts and certain cases involving administrative violations. In addition, the people’s court hears cases involving citizen complaints of improper inclusion on or exclusion from voter lists for elections to local soviets.

The principles by which the people’s courts are organized in the Soviet state were set down during the first years of Soviet power. The decree on courts that was issued on Nov. 24, 1917 (Collection of Laws and Regulations of the Worker and Peasant Government, 1917, no. 4, Art. 50), which established the people’s courts, laid down the fundamentals of the Soviet judicial system. The 1936 Constitution of the USSR and subsequent laws based on it have reinforced and expanded the democratic principles of the structure and function of the people’s courts. The people’s courts are elected and are thus accountable to the voters; they are collegial, with all cases being heard by a people’s judge and two people’s assessors; and they are independent in their administration of justice.

Verdicts and orders in civil cases and judgments in cases involving the recovery of property are carried out by the bailiffs of the people’s court. People’s courts play a significant role in protecting socialist property; the personal property of citizens; the political, labor, housing, and other personal and property rights of citizens of the USSR; and the property rights of kolkhozes and of state and other public organizations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The amount for loss of personal liberty, paid for each day of the prison sentence served, is predetermined by the Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate every year according to the annual compensation budget.
It is my considered opinion that we must go to people's court which is superior to any other forum," she said.
'This is because the People's Court in the 14th General Election had pronounced Najib guilty of the 1MDB kleptocratic scandal, a major issue in the general election campaign, evicting as Prime Minister of Malaysia,' Lim said in a statement.
The television production firm plans to film, produce, and distribute its People's Court series from its new headquarters.
In the last four years, the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China ("the PRC Supreme Court") has issued two interpretive rulings to assist the courts in applying the law in specific cases.
"The special operations group of the NPA carried out the death sentence meted by the People's Court on Adrian Abingona in Brgy.
The Supreme People's Court had proposed the specialized courts and the plan was approved in August 2014 by China's top legislature, Xinhua reported.
Patna: A youth in Bihar threw a sandal at Bihar Chief Minister Jitan Ram Manjhi while was meeting visitors during his weekly people's court at his official residence in Patna on Monday.
The Intermediate People's Court of Urumqi sentenced another five to death with a two-year reprieve, and four others were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment, according to the report.
The Urumqi Intermediate People's Court sentenced the eight people to death on charges of leading terror groups and setting off explosives in two attacks that left 41 people dead in the far western region of Xinjiang, state media said.
Chief Judge of the Vietnam Supreme People's Court Truong Hoa Binh told this to his Uzbekistani court officials during his delegation visit to Uzbekistan from June 25 to July 1, report Vietnamese media.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Vietnam's Supreme People's Court opened on Monday a court of appeals for the country's biggest ever case of drug trafficking, trading in northern Quang Ninh province.

Full browser ?