Pepin III the Short

Pepin III the Short

 

Born 714 or 715; died Sept. 24, 768, in St. Denis. Frankish king from 751 to 768 and founder of the Carolingian dynasty.

Majordomo from 741 to 751, Pepin overthrew the last Merovingian king in 751 and succeeded in having himself chosen king with papal sanction. Pepin followed the practice of his father, Charles Martel, in bestowing benefices for military service. He conquered Aquitaine, which had broken away from the kingdom, and conquered Septimania in campaigns against the Arabs. In 754 and 756, Pepin led campaigns in Italy; he donated some of the lands taken from the Lombards to the pope, thus establishing the Papal States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Became king of the Lombards (749); conquered the nominally Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna (751); next directed his energies toward the conquest of Rome, and by 753 was threatening the city itself; was defeated at the battle of Mount Cenis (754) by a Frankish army under Pepin III the Short, sent to rescue Pope Stephen II and Rome; was besieged in Pavia; made peace with Pepin and promised to restore the conquered lands, but resumed his aggressions as soon as Pepin left, and besieged Rome (January-April 756); besieged again in Pavia when Pepin led another army into Italy, he was forced to pay tribute and to hand his conquests over to Pepin, who gave them to Pope Stephen II; died shortly after (January 757?