Peppermint Oil

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peppermint oil

[′pep·ər‚mint ‚ȯil]
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peppermint Oil


a natural essential oil obtained by distilling the flowers and green parts of the peppermint plant (Mentha piperita) with aqueous steam. The colorless fluid has a strong peppermint aroma and a bitter, refreshing flavor. Its density at 20°C is 0.900–0.910 g/cm3; it dissolves readily in alcohol. Peppermint oil is made up of about 100 components, the principal ones being /-menthol (up to 50 percent), menthone (approximately 25 percent), menthyl acetate, and cineole. The oil has antiseptic, anesthetic, and vasodilating properties. It is used for aromatizing candies, cakes, beverages, tobacco, toothpaste, and elixirs.

Mint oils from other species of mint, such as Mentha arvensis, serve as the principal sources of natural menthol.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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A randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind crossover study of topical peppermint oil showed a significant clinical reduction in tension headache pain.52 Another small randomized, doubleblind trial showed that tiger balm (containing menthol as the main ingredient) also produced statistically significant improvement in tension headache discomfort compared with placebo.
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Described as a fresher variation on the original fragrance, it has been created by Carlos Benaim and Nicolas Beaulieu and uses a special molecule called Arctical, combined with yuzu accord, peppermint oil, grapefruit oil and ginger oil to create an intense and mineral iciness.