Per Albin Hansson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hansson, Per Albin


Born Oct. 28, 1885, near Malmö; died Oct. 6, 1946, in Stockholm. Swedish state and political figure.

The son of a mason, Hansson helped found the Social Democratic Youth Association of Sweden in 1903; he edited the association’s journal, Fram, from 1905 to 1909. He became a member of the administrative board of the Social Democratic Labor Party of Sweden (SDLPS) in 1908 and a member of the party’s Executive Committee in 1911. Hansson was the editor in chief of Social-Demokraten, the central organ of the SDLPS, from 1917 to 1924 and was the party’s chairman from 1925 to 1946. In 1918 he was elected a deputy to the lower chamber of the Riksdag. Hansson was defense minister in 1920, from 1921 to 1923, and from 1924 to 1926; he was prime minister from 1932 to 1936 and from 1936 to 1946. The SDLPS first led a stable government coalition under Hansson.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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It was built by the people from below, with a true vision of the social democratic leaders of the landat the time, they, too, ordinary people, including Per Albin Hansson (party leader and PM in the years between the two world wars) and Tage Erlander (party leader and PM for two decades after WWII).
Under Per Albin Hansson's leadership in the 1920s communitarian and even nationalist appeals became associated with the left.
The name referred to the 'people's home' agenda of his predecessor, Per Albin Hansson. 'The people's home' is one of the most important concepts in Swedish politics and embodies the communitarian spirit of Swedish social democracy.
In 1928, Sweden's Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson, described his vision of the future welfare state by saying it would be accomplished by "tearing down social and economic barriers, that separate the privileged from the poor, the rulers from the taxied, the rich from the poor, the owners from the owned, the robbers from the robbed.
They belong to those admired, ordinary people, who built the land and the welfare state and their own homes, the 'folkhemmet', as Per Albin Hansson coined it.
Per Albin Hansson recognised the great danger of this narrative.
Per Albin Hansson recognised the need to fight this charge.
In 1921 Per Albin Hansson remarked: 'There is no more patriotic party than [the Social Democrats] since the most patriotic act is to create a land in which all feel at home' (quoted in Hallberg and Jonsson, 1994).
The iconic explanation of the concept of 'the people's home' is contained in a 1928 speech by Per Albin Hansson: The basis of the home is community and togetherness.
Under Per Albin Hansson's leadership communitarian and even nationalist appeals became associated with the left in Sweden.