Perciformes

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Perciformes

[‚pər·sə′fȯr‚mēz]
(vertebrate zoology)
The typical spiny-rayed fishes, comprising the largest order of vertebrates; characterized by fin spines, a swim bladder without a duct, usually ctenoid scales, and 17 or fewer caudal fin rays.

Perciformes

 

an order of fishes. In a number of species, such as the pike perch and the Eurasian perch, the swim bladder is attached to the intestinal tract only in the prelarval state; in some species the swim bladder is absent. The ventral fins are usually under or in front of the pectorals, and there are generally two dorsal fins. The fins, as a rule, have spiny rays.

Remains of Perciformes are known from Upper Cretaceous deposits. Not counting Scorpaeniformes, which are often classified as a separate order, Perciformes contains more than 150 families. There are approximately 6,000 species, making up 16 suborders. Most families are in the suborders Percoidei (about 75) and Blennioidei (about 20). Species of Percoidei distributed in the waters of the USSR are the Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi), the Eurasian perch, the pike perch, the Volga pike perch (Lucioperca volgensis), the horse mackerel, sciaenids, the bluefish, Diplodus, and mullet. Fishes of the suborder Blennioidei found in the USSR include the sticklebacks, wolffishes, and eelpouts. Fishes of the suborders Scombreidae (Atlantic mackerel, Atlantic bonito, tuna, swordfish), Gobioidei (Gobiidae), and Trichiuridae (Trichiurus japonicus) also inhabit the waters of the USSR.

Many species of Perciformes are commercially valuable. Particularly important in international commerce are sciaenids, tuna, and mackerel. Some species, such as the largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), are raised in ponds.

REFERENCES

Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971. Lindberg, G. U. Opredelitel’i kharakteristika semeistv ryb mirovoi fauny. Leningrad, 1971.

G. U. LINDBERG

References in periodicals archive ?
First record of two perciform fishes, Chelidoperca pleurospilus (Serranidae) and Parapercis muronis (Pinguipedidae) from Korea.
Four species were from the family Serranidae, red grouper (Epinephelus morio), rock hind (Epinephelus adscensionis), speckled hind (Epinephelus drummondhayi), gag grouper (Mycteroperca microlepis), and one from a related perciform family, Sparidae, the spottail pinfish (Diplodus holbrooki).
The zebraperch, Hermosilla azurea Jenkins and Evermann 1889, a warm-temperate member of the widespread but mainly tropical perciform family Kyphosidne, occurs in coastal waters of southern California and Baja California and in the Gulf of California (Jenkins and Evermann 1889; Miller and Lea 1972; Eschmeyer et al.
Review of the perciform fish genus Symphysanodon Bleeker (Symphysanodontidae), with descriptions of three new species, S.
ignobilis are within the range of reported values for larvae of other warm water marine perciform fishes (Fisher et al.
Essentially, in type A, the last two abdominal vertebrae are of the usual perciform configuration in that they lack a bony connection across the midline between the bases of the paired haemal arches, and the first (and often subsequent two to three) caudal vertebrae have a single greatly enlarged canal with only the tips of the haemal arches fused together in the midline.
The penpoint gunnel (Apodichthys flavidus) is a member of the perciform family Pholidae.
G] profile of the bluefin tuna appears to be similar to that of the pelagic, highly migratory perciform Rachycentron canadurn (Brown-Peterson et al.