Percival Lowell


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Related to Percival Lowell: Abbott Lawrence Lowell, Giovanni Schiaparelli

Lowell, Percival,

1855–1916, American astronomer, b. Boston, grad. Harvard, 1876; brother of Abbott Lawrence Lowell and Amy Lowell. He visited Korea and Japan, where he acted as counselor and foreign secretary to the Korean Special Mission to the United States and wrote several books about East Asia. Becoming interested in astronomy, he established (1894) the Lowell Observatory at Flagstaff, Ariz., and devoted himself to making personal observations. It was his belief that Mars was inhabited and that the striations on the Martian surface were artificial waterways. He also contended that there was a planet beyond Neptune (seemingly confirmed in 1930 by the discovery of Pluto, but Pluto is now regarded as a dwarf planetdwarf planet,
a nonluminous body of rock or gas that orbits the sun and has a rounded shape due to its gravity. Unlike a planet, a dwarf planet is not capable of clearing its orbit of smaller objects by collision, capture, or other means.
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). From 1902 he was nonresident professor of astronomy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Among his many writings on astronomy are Mars and Its Canals (1906) and The Genesis of Planets (1916).

Bibliography

See biography by A. L. Lowell (1935).

Lowell, Percival

 

Born Mar. 13, 1855, in Boston; died Nov. 12, 1916, in Flagstaff, Ariz. American astronomer. Investigator of the planet Mars.

Lowell graduated from Harvard University in 1876. In 1894 he constructed his own observatory near Flagstaff. As a result of many years of observation, he established the nature of the seasonal variations, including visibility, of the “canals” on the Martian surface, which had been discovered by G. Schiaparelli. In 1915, Lowell calculated the orbit of a planet that was subsequently discovered in 1930 and named Pluto. His principal works were printed in publications of the Lowell Observatory.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Mars i zhizn’ na nem. Odessa, 1912.

Lowell, Percival

(1855–1916) astronomer; born in Boston, Mass. (brother of Abbott and Amy Lowell). Born to wealth, he prospered in business, then spent the years 1883–93 in Asia, which he wrote about in such books as Soul of the Far East (1888). By the early 1890s he was concentrating on astronomy, and he used his personal fortune to build and staff an observatory (now the Lowell) in Flagstaff, Ariz. From 1894 on, he directed important research there, but he became most famous for predictions: the existence of another planet, confirmed by the discovery of Pluto in 1930; and the existence of intelligent life on Mars, nullified by space probes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dick may have overestimated the significance of Wells's casual reference in "The Things That Live on Mars" (Cosmopolitan [March 1908], 335-43) to "my friend, Percival Lowell.
Lowell, Biography of Percival Lowell, Macmillan, New York, 1935
The letter does not, we feel, require further explanation, except to add that the contents suggest to us that--even if he still did not doubt his fine Martian canali Schiaparelli was at least at this point wavering about the observations and deductions of Percival Lowell.
The observatory's original 24-inch Alvan Clark refractor on Mars Hill in Flagstaff", which Percival Lowell used to study Mars, is now utilized for public education.
Everyone today should understand that it was bias in the mind of Percival Lowell that led him to draw repeated maps of canals on Mars.
I thought that Percival Lowell was right with his turn-of-the-last-century theory that Mars was inhabited by intelligent beings who built canals that could be seen from Earth.
Let's just say you'll encounter some familiar faces from the last two centuries: Percival Lowell, Albert Einstein, Edwin Hubble, Fred Hoyle, and Frank Drake, to name a few.
Corfield touches upon the usual suspects (Galileo, Percival Lowell, and Carl Sagan) but also less well-known players who have added to planetary knowledge and fueled the fires of intrigue.
Viewing Mars through the 24-inch Clark refractor, seeing it as Percival Lowell once did, immediately rekindled my latent interest in astronomy.
To see into the beyond requires purity, wrote Percival Lowell a century ago, acknowledging that the environment is an essential part of an observatory's soul.