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Related to Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography: Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage, percutaneous cholecystostomy


Roentgenography of the bile ducts.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



roentgenographic examination of the gallbladder and bile ducts after the introduction (orally or intravenously) of an iodine-containing contrast agent that is excreted with bile. The procedure is not applied in the case of pronounced jaundice. Cholangiography yields a clear picture of the anatomical structure and functioning of the gallbladder and bile ducts; it reveals the presence of calculi, or gallstones (cholelithiasis), inflammatory changes (cholecystitis or cholangitis), and disruption of the emptying mechanism of the bladder (dyskinesia).


Lindenbraten, L. D. Rentgenologicheskoe issledovanie pecheni i zhelchnykh putei. Leningrad, 1953.
Gal’perin, E. I., and I. M. Ostrovskaia. Kontrastnoe issledovanie v khirurgii zhelchnykh putei. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography was done in one case (12.5%) out of 8 cases of gallbladder cancer and 2 cases (16.6%) out of 12 cases of cholangiocarcinoma.
A flexible swallowed tube can be used (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or ERCP), or a needle can be passed through the liver and into the bile ducts (percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography or PTC).
Various techniques, including laparoscopic trans-cystic common bile duct exploration, endoscopic ultrasound guided trans-hepatic ERCP, laparoscopic choledochoduodeonoscopy, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, balloon enteroscopic ERCP, and laparoscopic transgastric ERCP (LTER-CP), are used to access the biliary tree in patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy (6).
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography showed stent occlusion.
Patients under went trans-abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with or without percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and magnetic resonance imaging as required.

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