Nun'Álvares Pereira

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Nun'Álvares Pereira:

see Pereira, Nun'ÁlvaresPereira, Nun'Álvares
, 1360–1431, Portuguese hero, called the Great Constable. He was the friend, counselor, and general of John I of Portugal. As a leader of the popular revolt against Castilian domination, he helped John to gain the throne and was the hero of the
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Pereira, Nun'Álvares

(no͞on'äl`vərĭsh pərā`rä), 1360–1431, Portuguese hero, called the Great Constable. He was the friend, counselor, and general of John IJohn I
(John the Great), 1357?–1433, king of Portugal (1385–1433), illegitimate son of Peter I. He was made (1364) grand master of the Knights of Aviz and exercised his influence in opposition to Leonor Teles, the queen of his half-brother, Ferdinand I.
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 of Portugal. As a leader of the popular revolt against Castilian domination, he helped John to gain the throne and was the hero of the decisive Portuguese victory (1385) at Aljubarrota. In 1415 he took part in the conquest of CeutaCeuta
, city (1994 pop. 71,926), c.7 sq mi (18 sq km), NW Africa, a possession of Spain, on the Strait of Gibraltar. An enclave in Morocco, Ceuta is administered as an integral part of Cádiz prov., Spain.
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 in N Africa. An astute statesman and able strategist, Nun'Álvares was also noted for his religious devotion and for his personal virtue. He ended his years as a monk in a Carmelite monastery that he founded in Lisbon and was beatified by Pope Benedict XV in 1918; his feast is Nov. 6. His daughter Beatriz married Alfonso, an illegitimate son of John I; from this union came the house of BraganzaBraganza
, royal house that ruled Portugal from 1640 to 1910 and Brazil from 1822 to 1889. It took its name from the castle of Braganza or Bragança. The line was descended from Alfonso, the natural son of John I of Portugal, who became the duke of Braganza in 1442.
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Bibliography

See biography by E. Battaglia (tr. 1962).