absolute pitch

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absolute pitch,

the position of a tone in the musical scale determined according to its number of vibrations per second, irrespective of other tones. The term also denotes the capacity to identify any tone upon hearing it sounded alone or to sing any specified tone. Experiments have shown that this ability, a form of memory, can be acquired through practice, but in some individuals it appears to be inborn.

absolute pitch

[′ab·sə‚lüt ′pich]
(acoustics)
The pitch of a musical tone expressed as the frequency of the sound wave of that tone.

absolute pitch

1. the ability to identify exactly the pitch of a note without comparing it to another
2. the exact pitch of a note determined by its number of vibrations per second