Treatment of varicose veins includes ligation or exclusion of the perforator
Superiority of medial circumflex femoral artery perforator
flap in scrotal reconstruction.
flaps rose as an alternative to free tissue transfer in patients in whom the complications toll is high: comorbidities including peripheral vascular disease, thrombosis and ischemia, loss of major vessels of the limb to microsurgery or extensive trauma or multiple surgeries, partial or total flap loss.
Minimally invasive treatments for perforator
In the dual LAD system, short LAD give rise to septal perforators
and the diagonals originates from the LAD proper or long LAD.
To explore the relationships between the formaldehyde control methods (1 [m.sup.3] chamber, DMC, and perforator
), linear regression analysis was employed.
We believe that vascularized interposition should be routinely used and, in particular, that the DUA adipofascial perforator
flap is a valuable treatment option for distal RUS.
We avoid any perforator
in scar tissue, as injury is more likely and dissection more difficult.
The 180-degree perforator-based propeller flap for soft tissue coverage of the distal, lower extremity: A new method to achieve reliable coverage of the distal lower extremity with a local, fasciocutaneous perforator
A clear understanding of the vascular anatomy of a perforator
flap is mandatory, and the perforasome concept helps to achieve this understanding.
The flaps we used were sural flaps (n=50), pedicled gastrocnemius flap (n = 26), pedicled fibular perforator
flaps (n = 45), free anterolateral thigh perforator
flaps (n = 23), free DIEP 3flaps (n = 3), and free thoracodorsal artery perforator
flaps (n= 5).
The vena cava was not lacerated or transected: perforator
veins that joined the lymph fat pad were unintentionally pulled out.