performance art

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performance art,

multimedia art form originating in the 1970s in which performance is the dominant mode of expression. Perfomance art may incorporate such elements as instrumental or electronic music, song, dance, television, film, sculpture, spoken dialogue, and storytelling. Its roots lie in early 20th-century modernist experiments with mixed media, particularly in DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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 performances. The direct antecedent of performance art, however, can be found in the happeningshappening,
an artistic event of a theatrical nature, but usually improvised spontaneously without the framework of a plot. The term originated with the creation and performance in 1959 of Allan Kaprow's "18 Happenings in 6 Parts.
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 of the late 1950s and the 1960s. Among the most obvious differences between the two is that the later movement tends to be much less spontaneous in nature than the earlier and that happenings were almost always created by visual artists, whereas performance artists generally have more varied backgrounds, often in theater, writing, or dance.

Primarily an avant-garde form, performance art is often emotional and topical, frequently dealing with political and personal matters and with such issues as race, class, and feminism. Probably the best-known contemporary American performance artist is Laurie AndersonAnderson, Laurie,
1947–, American performance artist, b. Chicago. Originally a sculptor, she was influenced by Philip Glass and other avant-garde composers in the early 1970s and soon turned to the creation of multimedia performance art.
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; others include Nam June PaikPaik, Nam June
, 1932–2006, Korean-American artist, widely considered the founder of video art, b. Seoul, studied art and music at Tokyo Univ. and in Germany. A performance and conceptual artist, Paik worked beginning in the 1960s mainly with video, integrating visual
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 (also involved earlier with happenings), cellist Charlotte Moorman (whose avant-garde performances began in the 1960s), Michael Smith, Vito Acconci, Carolee Schneeman, Martha Wilson, and Marina Abramovic. Often classified as performance artists are such monologist-writers Eric Bogosian, Spalding Gray, Karen Finley, Anna Deavere Smith, and John Leguizamo. The form enjoyed a widespread revival in the early 21st cent., with museums and galleries restaging works originally created in the 1970s and also presenting new examples of the art.

Bibliography

See G. Battcock and R. Nickas ed., The Art of Performance (1983); M. Roth ed., The Amazing Decade: Women and Performance Art in America, 1970–1980 (1983); R. Goldberg, Performance Art: From Futurism to the Present (1988); H. M. Sayre, The Object of Performance (1989); C. Carr, On Edge: Performance at the End of the Twentieth Century (1993); P. Phelan, Unmarked: The Politics of Performance (1993); and E. Diamond, ed., Performance and Cultural Politics (1996).

References in periodicals archive ?
Seventh dance/ movement performance art festival with a number of dance performances.
Performance Arts are universal and we created this campaign specifically with social media and the digital space in mind to reinforce our values in an unexpected format for a luxury brand.
Living in Toronto, Akhavan has created works in installation, video and performance art and s works have already been put on display Romania, Turkey, and the UK.
After graduating from Sunderland University with a first class degree in performance arts, Louise began working on behalf of Morpeth Borough Council helping people of all age groups to get involved in dance and fitness.
based study that explores and explains how performance art interventions can complement traditional and transformative interventions in the field of conflict resolution through the creation of an "alternative reality" among audience members, and through the utilization of multiple narratives and different perceptions of those narratives.
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are favorites at Stuccio's summer Philadelphia Fringe Festival, where cutting-edge dance and performance arts are the standard.
Enrolling more than 63,000 undergraduate, graduate and professional students on four campuses in metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona State University maintains a tradition of academic excellence in core disciplines, and has become an important collections, studio and performance arts center for creative endeavor, and an unsurpassed state-of-the-art location of scientific and technological laboratories and research facilities.
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And World-Fest brings in varieties of performance arts that most Americans have never seen before, performed by those who are among the best in their countries.

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