Periander


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Periander

(pĕr`ēăn'dər), d. 585 B.C., one of the Seven Wise Men of GreeceSeven Wise Men of Greece,
list of men drawn from among the outstanding politicians and political philosophers of ancient Greece. Although such listings differed widely, a usual one included Bias, Chilon, Cleobulus, Periander, Pittacus, Solon, and Thales.
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, tyrant of Corinth. His rule raised his city to a high state of prosperity, and he established friendly relations with other rulers. He established colonies at Potidaea and probably at Apollonia near the Adriatic coast, and he fought successfully against Epidaurus and Corcyra (now Kérkira). During his reign the arts flourished, as is evidenced by the ruins of the Apollo temple and the Peirene fountain at Corinth and the Gorgon pediment at Corcyra.

Periander

 

Born circa 660 B.C. in Corinth; died there circa 585 B.C. Tyrant of Corinth (c. 627 B.C-585 B.C.).

Periander continued the policies of his father, Cypselus, which were directed against the hereditary nobility. In the interests of the trading and artisan classes, Periander introduced customs duties and state coinage of money and organized a large-scale building program. Under his rule, many vestiges of the hereditary order were eliminated, hereditary divisions were replaced by territorial divisions, territorial courts were created, and military units of mercenaries were organized. To strengthen the centralized authority, Periander introduced statutes to register the income of the populace and prohibit public banquets, lavish holiday celebrations, and mass gatherings in public squares. He also instituted a law against luxury. He established colonies in Corcyra, Potidaea, and Ambracia, along with a number in II-lyria. Late classical tradition included Periander among the seven Greek sages.

REFERENCES

Novikova, T. F. “Rannegrecheskaia tiraniia na Korinfskom peresheike.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1965, no. 4.
Will, E. Korinthiaca. Paris, 1955.
References in classic literature ?
For which reason those who hate a tyranny and find fault with the advice which Periander gave to Thrasybulus, must not think there was nothing to be said in its defence; for the story goes, that Periander said nothing to the messenger in answer to the business he was consulted about, but striking off those ears of corn which were higher than the rest, reduced the whole crop to a level; so that the messenger, without knowing the cause of what was done, related the fact to Thrasybulus, who understood by it that he must take off all the principal men in the city.
I believe that Periander or Perdiccas or Xerxes or Ismenias the Theban, or some other rich and mighty man, who had a great opinion of his own power, was the first to say that justice is `doing good to your friends and harm to your enemies.
At one time he is found in Corinth, and at another in Athens, endeavouring, by the narration of some of his wise fables, to reconcile the inhabitants of those cities to the administration of their respective rulers Periander and Pisistratus.
When Periander consults the Oracle of the Dead as to the whereabouts of a treasure hidden by his deceased wife Melissa, he is told that Melissa is cold in her grave and will not help him until she is made warm.
Brazil (SP) Rhetus arcius Riodinini Struthanthus Costa Rica orbicularis Rhetus periander Riodinini Loranthaceae Brazil (PR) Synargis sp.
This notion of tall poppy syndrome dates back to Ancient Greek writers Herodotus and Aristotle, with Periander, the second tyrant of Corinth, searching for the most effective way to govern his city.
Hills kept Versac within striking distance for most of the 11-furlong race and once they turned for home, he hit the front and despite a late run from last year's winner Periander, stayed ahead to win by over two lengths.
But the management has monitoring gadgets and they properly control it, otherwise, their employees will also be affected,'' said Periander Banez, 33, leader of a residential village located inside the Leyte geothermal field.
But, it would be the Eric Lemartinel pair Periander and Albar Lotois who would stand for the Barbe's charge rather than the home team which is led by No Risk Al Maury.
Be moderate in prosperity, prudent in adversity', advised Periander, the ruler of Corinth in 600BC; 'Prosperity tries the fortunate; adversity the great,' claimed Rose Kennedy, mother of JFK and RFK.
First, although no ancient source even hints that Nero consciously imitated Periander, Champlin decides that he did so.
Just consider the kinds of stories that fill the history books, Sidney asks: Cypselus, Periander, Phalaris, and Dionysius were all real-world tyrants who enjoyed quiet ends, unpunished for their crimes.