Periander


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Periander

(pĕr`ēăn'dər), d. 585 B.C., one of the Seven Wise Men of GreeceSeven Wise Men of Greece,
list of men drawn from among the outstanding politicians and political philosophers of ancient Greece. Although such listings differed widely, a usual one included Bias, Chilon, Cleobulus, Periander, Pittacus, Solon, and Thales.
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, tyrant of Corinth. His rule raised his city to a high state of prosperity, and he established friendly relations with other rulers. He established colonies at Potidaea and probably at Apollonia near the Adriatic coast, and he fought successfully against Epidaurus and Corcyra (now Kérkira). During his reign the arts flourished, as is evidenced by the ruins of the Apollo temple and the Peirene fountain at Corinth and the Gorgon pediment at Corcyra.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Periander

 

Born circa 660 B.C. in Corinth; died there circa 585 B.C. Tyrant of Corinth (c. 627 B.C-585 B.C.).

Periander continued the policies of his father, Cypselus, which were directed against the hereditary nobility. In the interests of the trading and artisan classes, Periander introduced customs duties and state coinage of money and organized a large-scale building program. Under his rule, many vestiges of the hereditary order were eliminated, hereditary divisions were replaced by territorial divisions, territorial courts were created, and military units of mercenaries were organized. To strengthen the centralized authority, Periander introduced statutes to register the income of the populace and prohibit public banquets, lavish holiday celebrations, and mass gatherings in public squares. He also instituted a law against luxury. He established colonies in Corcyra, Potidaea, and Ambracia, along with a number in II-lyria. Late classical tradition included Periander among the seven Greek sages.

REFERENCES

Novikova, T. F. “Rannegrecheskaia tiraniia na Korinfskom peresheike.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1965, no. 4.
Will, E. Korinthiaca. Paris, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
For which reason those who hate a tyranny and find fault with the advice which Periander gave to Thrasybulus, must not think there was nothing to be said in its defence; for the story goes, that Periander said nothing to the messenger in answer to the business he was consulted about, but striking off those ears of corn which were higher than the rest, reduced the whole crop to a level; so that the messenger, without knowing the cause of what was done, related the fact to Thrasybulus, who understood by it that he must take off all the principal men in the city.
I believe that Periander or Perdiccas or Xerxes or Ismenias the Theban, or some other rich and mighty man, who had a great opinion of his own power, was the first to say that justice is `doing good to your friends and harm to your enemies.'
At one time he is found in Corinth, and at another in Athens, endeavouring, by the narration of some of his wise fables, to reconcile the inhabitants of those cities to the administration of their respective rulers Periander and Pisistratus.
dedicated to Periander, tyrant of Corinth (Herodotus, Herodoti
Druce, 1872) 85 Euselasia inconspicua (Godman & Salvin, 1878) 86 Euselasia mys mys (Herrich-Schaffer, [1853]) Riodininae 87 Perophthalma lasus Westwood, [1851] 88 Perophthalma tullius (Fabricius, 1787) 89 Hermathena oweni Schaus, 1913 90 Napaea eucharila picina Stichel, 1910 91 Cremna actoris (Cramer, 1776) 92 Cremna thasus subrutila Stichel, 1910 93 Eurybia patrona persona Staudinger, 1876 94 Rhetus periander naevianus Stichel, 1910 95 Brachyglenis dodone (Godman & Salvin, 1886) 96 Notheme erota erota (Cramer, 1780) 97 Chalodeta chaonitis (Hewitson, 1866) 98 Pheles melanchroia (C.
In Herodotus's account, a dolphin rescues Arion, Periander (ruler of Corinth) discovers the sailors' guilt, and a bronze memorial of Arion riding on a dolphin is erected to celebrate his bravery.
The work tells the story of love and pilgrimage of Persiles and Sigismunda, who pretend to be brothers, and claim to be called Periander and Auristella, in order to explore much of the continent and seas, on their way to Rome, where they recover their identity and destiny.
When Periander consults the Oracle of the Dead as to the whereabouts of a treasure hidden by his deceased wife Melissa, he is told that Melissa is cold in her grave and will not help him until she is made warm.
Bates, 1867 115 Alesa prema (Godart, [1824]) Tribe Rodinini Grote, 1895 116 Lyropteryx apollonia Westwood, 1851 117 Lyropteryx terpsichore Westwood, 1851 * 118 Necyria bellona juturna Hewitson, 1869 119 Necyria duellona Westwood, 1851 120 Cyrenia martia Westwood, 1851 121 Ancyluris aulestes (Cramer, 1777) 122 Ancyluris inca Felder &Felder, 1865) 123 Ancyluris etias (Saunders, 1859) 124 Ancyluris formosissima (Hewitson, 1870) 125 Ancyluris meliboeus (Fabricius, 1776) 126 Ancyluris mira (Hewitson, 1874) 127 Ancyluris tedea (Cramer, 1777) 128 Rhetus arcius (Linnaeus, 1763) 129 Rhetus dysoni (Saunders, 1850) 130 Rhetus periander (Cramer, 1777) 131 Chorinea bogota (Saunders, 1859) 132 Ithomeis aurantiaca H.
Van Lieshout (1980, 34) notes that "supernatural powers [including Olympian gods] involved in man's dreams are preferably chthonically conceived," while Eric Dodds (1951, 110-1) writes that enstatic dreams such as Penelope's were typical of incubation "practiced at the shrines of heroes--whether dead men or chthonic daemons--and at certain chasms reputed to be entrances to the world of the dead." In postclassical Greek dream-literature, the term [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] was used for both ghosts and dream-figures, (26) but in non-philosophical classical literature, it was applied only to dream-figures when they are ghosts, such as the [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] of Periander's wife that appears during an incubation in a necromanteion (Herodotus 5.92.4).
The reader is therefore liable to come away with an inaccurate sense of the season of entertainments as a whole, even though his readings of Time's Complaint, The Seuen Dayes of the Weeke, Periander, and The Vigilate are very insightful.
Brazil (SP) Rhetus arcius Riodinini Struthanthus Costa Rica orbicularis Rhetus periander Riodinini Loranthaceae Brazil (PR) Synargis sp.