Periander

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Periander

(pĕr`ēăn'dər), d. 585 B.C., one of the Seven Wise Men of GreeceSeven Wise Men of Greece,
list of men drawn from among the outstanding politicians and political philosophers of ancient Greece. Although such listings differed widely, a usual one included Bias, Chilon, Cleobulus, Periander, Pittacus, Solon, and Thales.
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, tyrant of Corinth. His rule raised his city to a high state of prosperity, and he established friendly relations with other rulers. He established colonies at Potidaea and probably at Apollonia near the Adriatic coast, and he fought successfully against Epidaurus and Corcyra (now Kérkira). During his reign the arts flourished, as is evidenced by the ruins of the Apollo temple and the Peirene fountain at Corinth and the Gorgon pediment at Corcyra.

Periander

 

Born circa 660 B.C. in Corinth; died there circa 585 B.C. Tyrant of Corinth (c. 627 B.C-585 B.C.).

Periander continued the policies of his father, Cypselus, which were directed against the hereditary nobility. In the interests of the trading and artisan classes, Periander introduced customs duties and state coinage of money and organized a large-scale building program. Under his rule, many vestiges of the hereditary order were eliminated, hereditary divisions were replaced by territorial divisions, territorial courts were created, and military units of mercenaries were organized. To strengthen the centralized authority, Periander introduced statutes to register the income of the populace and prohibit public banquets, lavish holiday celebrations, and mass gatherings in public squares. He also instituted a law against luxury. He established colonies in Corcyra, Potidaea, and Ambracia, along with a number in II-lyria. Late classical tradition included Periander among the seven Greek sages.

REFERENCES

Novikova, T. F. “Rannegrecheskaia tiraniia na Korinfskom peresheike.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1965, no. 4.
Will, E. Korinthiaca. Paris, 1955.