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Perim(pārēm`, pēr`ĭm), Arab. Barim, island, c.5 sq mi (13 sq km), off the SW Arabian peninsula in the Bab el Mandeb strait; it is part of Yemen. A rocky and barren island rising to c.215 ft (65 m), it is strategically located at the southern entrance to the Red Sea. Perim was occupied by France in the 18th cent., and then briefly by Britain (1799). It was reoccupied (1857) by the British and later connected administratively with Aden. Perim flourished (1883–1936) as a coaling station but declined when oil became more widely used by ships. In 1967, Perim's small population voted to become part of South Yemen (since merged with Yemen).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a volcanic island in the Straits of Bab el Mandeb. A possession of the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, Perim is 13 sq km in area, with elevations to 65 m. It has a harbor in the crater of an underwater volcano. Fishing is important.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.