vertical transmission

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Related to Perinatal transmission: horizontal transmission, vertical transmission

vertical transmission

[′vərd·ə·kəl tranz′mish·ən]
(genetics)
Passage of genetic information from one cell or individual organism to its progeny by conventional heredity mechanisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Efficacy and safety of telbivudine in different trimesters of pregnancy with high viremia for interrupting perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus.
Risk factors for perinatal transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and the natural history of HCV infection acquired in infancy.
A framework for elimination of perinatal transmission of HIV in the United States," Pediatrics, vol.
These European guidelines define high risk for perinatal transmission based on medical factors such as premature labour, absence of peri-partum prophylaxis, and detectable viral load at delivery.
Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen in pregnant mothers and its perinatal transmission.
Future research is needed to better understand the mechanisms of HIV and HCV perinatal transmission and identify the most effective prevention strategies.
Hepatitis B viral infection is endemic in Pakistan and the risk of perinatal transmission cannot be ignored as it leads to high rates of chronic HBV infection and complications of chronic liver disease.
Duration of membrane rupture and risk of perinatal transmission of HIV-1 in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy.
Thus, perinatal transmission from mother to child soon after birth results in approximately 90% chronic carriage, with long-term complications of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, leading to death by middle age, particularly among men.
In the United States, perinatal transmission is the most common route of HIV infection in children (4) and mother-to-child transmission has been responsible for more than 90% of all HIV infections in children under the age of 15 years (5).
Hepatitis C acquired via perinatal transmission has an increased likelihood of becoming chronic.