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Difficult or painful menstruation.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

References in periodicals archive ?
A woman and her boyfriend were booted off an Emirates flight at Birmingham Airport moments before take-off - for complaining of period pain.
Period pain is caused by contractions in the womb as it sheds its lining during menstruation.
A survey of 600 women found that 10% were regularly bedridden by their period pains.
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DO you suffer from arthritis, backache, headaches, period pains or any other type of persistent or recurrent pain?
North East-based sports tape company Kenesio says its products, most commonly used to treat sports injuries, are now being used to try to help relieve women of crippling period pains that can leave them bed-bound and stop them from going to work.
STUDY Dr Ingela Lindh, of Gothenburg University in Sweden ADVICE Lynn Hearton, helpline manager at the FPA ADVANTAGE Dr Clare Gerada, chairwoman of the RCGPs HEARSAY The Pill is surrounded by many health myths GOOD NEWS Taking the Pill does not make you put on weight, experts have concluded after years of study RELIEF Research shows that the Pill eases period pains for many women, as well as other menstrual symtoms
She also began to suffer severe period pains, although it was her skin that bothered her most.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:Q I've always had period pains for one or two days before my period starts.
Experts at the Peninsula Medical School in Exeter, Devon, looked at 16 academic papers on SM where it was practised for a range of conditions such as back pain, neck pain, period pains, asthma and allergy.