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see fastingfasting,
partial or temporary abstinence from food, a widely used form of asceticism. Among the stricter Jews the principal fast is the Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur; in Islam the faithful fast all the daytime hours of the month of Ramadan. Fasting is general in Christianity.
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; temperance movementstemperance movements,
organized efforts to induce people to abstain—partially or completely—from alcoholic beverages. Such movements occurred in ancient times, but ceased until the wide use of distilled liquors in the modern period resulted in increasing drunkenness.
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Chiefly RC Church the practice of refraining from specific kinds of food or drink, esp from meat, as an act of penance
References in periodicals archive ?
It is likely that such stories will impact the uptake of Postpill, because irregular bleeding (disliked by women) can make it difficult to recognize pregnancy and so affect another popular practice: using ECs in combination with periodic abstinence.
Five women adopted a hormonal method or an IUD before the resumption of sexual intercourse, while three used condoms, and two others practiced periodic abstinence after resuming sex.
Only 11.5% ever users were still currently using the male condom and the highest response for an alternative method of contraception was observed for periodic abstinence (9.4%) [Data not shown].
In this final section I address the classic question of why the practice of periodic abstinence (or periodic continence) (64) is morally good and consistent with chastity (and thus with the full truth about sexuality and marriage), while contraceptive acts are morally evil and opposed to chastity.
The document includes sections on the following contraceptive methods: abstinence; male and female condoms; vaginal spermicides; oral contraceptives; injectable hormonal contraception; progestin implants; intrauterine devices; the diaphragm and cervical cap; withdrawal; and emergency contraception, as well as a section on fertility awareness and other periodic abstinence methods.
note that "periodic abstinence" as a method of birth control has a "user-failure rate for pregnancy of 26%." Id.
Parents are morally obligated to engage in responsible planning for children, with the recognition that periodic abstinence reveals the sacrifice that is always involved in real love.
Currently, the four methods of contraception that require male cooperation or male initiative are condoms, vasectomy, withdrawal, and periodic abstinence. Worldwide, among women using contraception, about one in every four, or 26 percent, say they are relying on a method used by their male partner.
Periodic abstinence teaches the couple--the man specifically--to learn self-control and to see his wife's fertility as a precious gift.
However, four in 10 users depended on periodic abstinence, withdrawal or other traditional methods, which have high failure rates.
As a result, they may more responsibly use and maximize the effectiveness of periodic abstinence and barrier methods.
using various methods of contraception was as follows: Female sterilization (25.6%), contraceptive pill (24.9%), male condom (18.9%), male sterilization (10.1%), withdrawal (2.9%), injectable (Depo-Provera) (2.7%), periodic abstinence (2.2%), diaphragm (1.7%), implant (Norplant) (1.3%), spermicides (1.3%), and IUD (0.7%).

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