Perioeci

(redirected from Perioikoi)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Perioikoi: Gerousia, ephors, Messenians, Alcmaeonids

Perioeci

 

(also perioikoi), inhabitants of Sparta, Argos, and various Greek city-states in Elis and Thessaly who did not possess full rights. In Sparta, the Perioeci were the descendants of the indigenous population, which had been subjugated by the Dorians and driven to the border areas of Laconia. In contrast to the Helots, the Perioeci were free inhabitants; they could own land and were obligated to serve in the armed forces, but they had no political rights. Communities of the Perioeci enjoyed limited autonomy. Some Perioeci engaged in handicraft production and trade.

References in periodicals archive ?
The perioikoi are mentioned only once in the Lycurgus, in relation to the distribution of land (8.3).
In Sparta, helots, perioikoi, and women cannot become full members of the Spartan government; in the Republic every individual is regarded as a potential philosopher-king.
Both concentrate political power in one bloc: in Sparta, the 'equals' (hoi homoioi) rule non-citizen Spartans and helots (the perioikoi are better understood as being under Spartan suzerainty); in the Republic, philosopher-kings govern auxiliaries and producers.
Some helots are said to have rebelled and joined the garrison in their harassing activities; others aided the trapped Spartans by bringing food to the island, at personal risk; and "those of the perioikoi who lived nearest" came to help in ejecting the intruder.
From both textual and archaeological evidence, it is clear that the inhabitants of Messenia, helots and perioikoi alike, maintained cult places in that era.
(26.) On perioikoi, see Shipley 1997; also Roebuck 1941, pp.