Perkin, Sir William Henry

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Perkin, Sir William Henry,

1838–1907, English chemist. In 1856 he discovered the first anilineaniline
, C6H5NH2, colorless, oily, basic liquid organic compound; chemically, a primary aromatic amine whose molecule is formed by replacing one hydrogen atom of a benzene molecule with an amino group.
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 dye (aniline purple, known as mauve and mauveine); by founding a factory to make it, Perkin established the aniline dye industry in England. He was knighted in 1906. His son, William Henry Perkin, Jr., 1860–1927, also a chemist, synthesized numerous organic compounds, including camphor and several alkaloids.


See S. Garfield, Mauve: How One Man Invented a Color That Changed the World (2001).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Blaze drama Perkin potato crisps factory, Kinbuck, (Picture from the archive of Kinbuck village photos compiled by Dennis Mackie)
[USA], Mar 12 ( ANI ): Google Doodle on Monday honoured British chemist Sir William Henry Perkin on what would have been his 180th birthday.
in bed and bleeding Jill's Jonathan Accountant Jonathan Perkin, 65, Jill's partner of 31 years, told the hearing: "Jill had been diagnosed with high blood pressure but had no other health problems.
The Peppered Chub is a short-lived (approximately 2.5 y; Bonner, 2000), relatively small minnow (max total length = 77mm; Eisenhour, 1999) that inhabits shallow, flowing reaches over clean, sand-gravel substrate (Perkin, 2014).
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Hendrick Adrian van Rheed wrote: "I have always been surprised about the beautiful colours which are produced here on the cloth with white backgrounds and have often wondered whether this could be done also in silk fabrics." (14) The study of Perkin and Hummel explains the chemistry of dyeing with chay (15) and how deep-red develops with an alkaline mordant.
Then William Henry Perkin and Heinrich Caro put the farmers out of business.