de consensus populi et eius perseverantia
." (quoting Bartolus
In Defoelicitate et miseria (1445), a dialogue situated in Aeneas visit to the underworld, Vegio associates temporal virtue (acquired through literary study) and temporal vice with, respectively, eternal reward and punishment, while in De perseverantia religionis (1448) he supplements epideictic rhetoric with moral allegory in order to elevate Aeneas' achievement to a glorious triumph over the devil, as embodied by Turnus, as well as over earthly pleasures, represented by the Latins (Kallendorf, "Maffeo Vegio's Book" 48-50).
The justice of eternal suffering in redress for temporal crime was one of the timeless truths relevant to Italians past and present, and Vegio turns to the Aeneid to seek guidance for Christians in his De perseverantia religionis: "These same writings also admit (what is a tenet of Christianity as well) that an underworld exists and places of horror where the souls of mortals are punished, when they have departed from this body, with variety of ghastly penalties as the sins of each demand" (Kallendorf, "Maffeo" 50).
The identical bronze mementos, which were struck in Birmingham's Jewellery Quarter and bear the school motto 'Perseverantia
', were presented to every pupil by headmaster Phillip Griffiths.
: secundum autem ea quae difficultatem inferunt, convenit
Quoniam ipsa sola tantum cure perseverantia
(vel 'per perseverantiam') inquisitionis de sempiternis fixis et de genere considerationis eius quod non alteratur, et cuius estimatio est absque opere, approximat accidentibus que sunt in revolutionibus et ordinibus motuum qui sunt sub iis sensatis moventibus et motis, sempiternis in quibus non est diversitas.
Hic enim pulchritudine et elegantia, hic cantu, hic crebris muneribus, quibus fere plerumque capiuntur animi muliebres, ad id sua sponre proclives facile allicit et nisi omnibus hiis rebus viri perseverantia
consultant tam mollis est tamque ad libidinem propensus et labilis."
Malachy, for instance, are said to have "manfully sworn off all carnal pleasures and earthly allurements" and are now to be satisfied with consolations from heaven.(53) Manliness is associated with perseverance and constancy (constantia, perseverantia
), but also with vigor or courage (forte), confident speech and tears of true devotion.(54) The fortis femina of Proverbs 31:10, an image that Bernard applies not only to the virgin Sophia, the Virgin Mary, and Pope Eugenius III (an indication of the complexity of gendered images), but also to the Bride of the Song of Songs, might therefore conceivably be understood to possess "virility."(55) There is also some suggestion that virility is not merely a turning away from sin, but an active reaching toward virtue.